Editorial

When and how do 'effective' interventions need to be adapted and/or re-evaluated in new contexts? The need for guidance (Editorial)

Citation

Evans R, Craig P, Hoddinott P, Littlecott H, Moore L, Murphy S, O'Cathain A, Pfadenhauer L, Rehfuess E, Segrott J & Moore G (2019) When and how do 'effective' interventions need to be adapted and/or re-evaluated in new contexts? The need for guidance (Editorial). Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, 73 (6), pp. 481-482. https://doi.org/10.1136/jech-2018-210840

Abstract
First paragraph: Rational models of evidence-informed policy have historically centred on an assumption that it is possible to identify "effective" health interventions, before recommending wider implementation. However, for population health interventions (which we define as inclusive of public health and health services), transferability to new contexts is often uncertain [1]. Some interventions have demonstrated limited effectiveness, or even harm, when used elsewhere. For example, antenatal corticosteroids have reduced neonatal mortality amongst pregnant women at risk of preterm birth in high-income countries, but increased mortality and maternal infection in low and middle-income countries

Keywords
Population Health; Adaptation; Intervention; Evaluation; Context;

Journal
Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health: Volume 73, Issue 6

StatusPublished
FundersMedical Research Council
Publication date30/06/2019
Publication date online20/02/2019
Date accepted by journal25/01/2019
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28626
ISSN0143-005X