Article

Measurement of open innovation in the marine biotechnology sector in Oman

Citation

Al-Belushi KIA, Stead SM, Gray T & Burgess JG (2018) Measurement of open innovation in the marine biotechnology sector in Oman. Marine Policy, 98, pp. 164-173. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marpol.2018.03.004

Abstract
National economies are often strengthened by diversification, which is built in turn on a healthy and productive culture of national innovation. Innovation is a complex process, which is difficult to measure in an objective manner. In this work and for the first time, a quantitative measure for open innovation has been developed and validated to determine the performance of a firm within the marine biotechnology sector in Oman. This breakthrough was achieved in four steps. First, the characteristics of the two dimensions of open innovation ('breadth' and 'depth') were identified using a critical review of the literature and a series of pre-tests of a survey design with industrial experts. Second, a quantitative index for open innovation by measuring these two dimensions at firm level was developed. Third, validation of this five-item scale was conducted using the UK Community Innovation Survey (CIS) data set. Fourth, the five-item scale was applied to 22 firms in the marine bio-industry sector in Oman using a case study approach, and was used to rank the firms according to their open innovation index. This analysis shows how Omani marine bio-industry firms could strengthen their open innovation efforts, for example by collaborating more effectively with government organizations and research institutes to thereby boost the quality of their open innovation activities in a measurable way.

Keywords
Innovation policy; Open innovation index; Marine biotechnology; Oman; Innovation management; Networks

Journal
Marine Policy: Volume 98

StatusPublished
FundersNewcastle University
Publication date31/12/2018
Publication date online25/07/2018
Date accepted by journal02/03/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28583
ISSN0308-597X
eISSN1872-9460