Article

Thoughts for the Future of Aquaculture Nutrition: Realigning Perspectives to Reflect Contemporary Issues Related to Judicious Use of Marine Resources in Aquafeeds

Details

Citation

Turchini GM, Trushenski JT & Glencross BD (2019) Thoughts for the Future of Aquaculture Nutrition: Realigning Perspectives to Reflect Contemporary Issues Related to Judicious Use of Marine Resources in Aquafeeds. North American Journal of Aquaculture, 81 (1), pp. 13-39. https://doi.org/10.1002/naaq.10067

Abstract
In recent decades, aquaculture nutrition research has made major strides in identifying alternatives to the use of traditional marine‐origin resources. Feed manufacturers worldwide have used this information to replace increasing amounts of fish meal and fish oil in aquafeeds. However, reliance on marine resources remains an ongoing constraint, and the progress yielded by continued unidimensional research into alternative raw materials is becoming increasingly marginal. Feed formulation is not an exercise in identifying "substitutes" or "alternatives" but rather is a process of identifying different combinations of "complementary" raw materials—including fish meal, fish oil, and others—that collectively meet established nutrient requirements and other criteria for the aquafeed in question. Nutrient‐based formulation is the day‐to‐day reality of formulating industrially compounded aquafeeds, but this approach is less formally and explicitly addressed in aquaculture research and training programs. Here, we (re)introduce these topics and explore the reasons that marine‐origin ingredients have long been considered the "gold standards" of aquafeed formulation. We highlight a number of ways in which this approach is flawed and constrains innovation before delving into the need to assess raw materials based on their influence on aquafeed manufacturing techniques. We conclude with a brief commentary regarding the future funding and research landscape. Incremental progress may continue through the accumulation of small insights, but a more holistic research strategy—aligned with industry needs and focused on nutrient composition and ingredient complementarity—is what will spur future advancement in aquaculture nutrition.

Notes
This article also appears in: World Fisheries Day

Journal
North American Journal of Aquaculture: Volume 81, Issue 1

StatusPublished
Publication date01/01/2019
Publication date online15/09/2018
Date accepted by journal30/08/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28390
ISSN1522-2055

People (1)

People

Professor Brett Glencross
Professor Brett Glencross

Honorary Professor, Institute of Aquaculture