Conference Proceeding

Content-Aware Tweet Location Inference Using Quadtree Spatial Partitioning and Jaccard-Cosine Word Embedding

Citation

Ajao O, Bhowmik D & Zargari S (2018) Content-Aware Tweet Location Inference Using Quadtree Spatial Partitioning and Jaccard-Cosine Word Embedding. In: 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM). 2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM), Barcelona, Spain, 28.08.2018-31.08.2018. Piscataway, NJ, USA: IEEE, pp. 1116-1123. https://doi.org/10.1109/asonam.2018.8508257

Abstract
Inferring locations from user texts on social media platforms is a non-trivial and challenging problem relating to public safety. We propose a novel non-uniform grid-based approach for location inference from Twitter messages using Quadtree spatial partitions. The proposed algorithm uses natural language processing (NLP) for semantic understanding and incorporates Cosine similarity and Jaccard similarity measures for feature vector extraction and dimensionality reduction. We chose Twitter as our experimental social media platform due to its popularity and effectiveness for the dissemination of news and stories about recent events happening around the world. Our approach is the first of its kind to make location inference from tweets using Quadtree spatial partitions and NLP, in hybrid word-vector representations. The proposed algorithm achieved significant classification accuracy and outperformed state-of-the-art grid-based content-only location inference methods by up to 24% in correctly predicting tweet locations within a 161km radius and by 300km in median error distance on benchmark datasets.

Keywords
Twitter; Natural language processing; Inference algorithms; Feature extraction; Safety; Partitioning algorithms

StatusPublished
FundersSheffield Hallam University
Publication date25/10/2018
Publication date online25/10/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28144
PublisherIEEE
Place of publicationPiscataway, NJ, USA
ISSN of series2473-991X
ISBN9781538660515
Conference2018 IEEE/ACM International Conference on Advances in Social Networks Analysis and Mining (ASONAM)
Conference locationBarcelona, Spain
Dates

Research centres/groups