Citation Bussiere L (2018) How bombardier beetles survive being eaten – and other amazing animal defence mechanisms. The Conversation. 07.02.2018. https://theconversation.com/how-bombardier-beetles-survive-being-eaten-and-other-amazing-animal-defence-mechanisms-91288
Abstract First paragraph: In Disney’s film version of Pinnochio, the boy-puppet rescues his creator Geppetto by lighting a fire inside Monstro the whale, who has swallowed them both. The fire causes the whale to sneeze, freeing Pinnochio and Geppetto from their gastric prison. Before you dismiss this getaway as incredible fantasy, consider that new research shows that a kind of fire in the belly can actually be an effective strategy for escaping predators in the real world. In fact, the animal kingdom is full of amazing examples of unusual defence mechanisms that help small creatures avoid a nasty fate.