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Article

Prophylactic properties of biofloc- or Nile tilapia-conditioned water against Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection of whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei)

Citation
Sajali USBA, Atkinson NL, Desbois AP, Little DC, Murray FJ & Shinn AP (2019) Prophylactic properties of biofloc- or Nile tilapia-conditioned water against Vibrio parahaemolyticus infection of whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei). Aquaculture, 498, pp. 496-502. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2018.09.002

Abstract
Isolates of Vibrio parahaemolyticus (VpAHPND) that carry a plasmid encoding two Pir-like toxins cause acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND), a disease that has caused devastating economic losses to the shrimp industry, particularly in Asia. However, lower prevalence of AHPND infection has been associated with farms that operate with biofloc or lower salinity culture water. Therefore, the aim of this present study was to investigate the effects of biofloc and Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus)-conditioned water prepared at different culture water salinities on survival of whiteleg shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) bath-challenged experimentally with VpAHPND. First, groups of shrimp were bath-challenged with VpAHPND in clear 15 ppt seawater (CW) or in the presence of a pre-cultured biofloc at 25%, 50% and 100% (v/v). Survival during 96 h post-challenge was significantly greater in groups cultured in 50% and 100% biofloc (p 

Keywords
Acute hepatopancreatic necrosis disease (AHPND); Bath challenge; Disease management; Greenwater; Imhoff cone; Oreochromis niloticus; Shrimp disease

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 498

StatusPublished
Author(s)Sajali, Umi Salmah Binti Ahmed; Atkinson, Nathan L; Desbois, Andrew P; Little, David C; Murray, Francis J; Shinn, Andrew P
FundersBiotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council
Publication date01/01/2019
Publication date online04/09/2018
Date accepted by journal02/09/2018
URLhttp://hdl.handle.net/1893/28241
ISSN0044-8486
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