The University has obligations to society to ensure that public funds are used effectively and without wastage and that our actions are open and transparent. Key to this is promoting and facilitating best practice in research, with an emphasis on good data management and ensuring the dignity, safety and well-being of researchers and participants, both human and animal.
To meet these obligations, the following responsibilities have been assigned:
The University is responsible for:
- Articulating and publicising applicable standards
- Training new and existing staff
- Acting as the accountable guarantor to external bodies.
Deans of Faculty are responsible for:
- Assurance and enhancement of the quality of the research supervision provided by Faculty
- Establishment and maintenance of academic standards in both teaching and research
- Ensuring arrangements are in place for the effective management of staff and their performance.
Principal Investigators (PIs) are responsible for ensuring that:
- Each member of the research team conducts research to the highest professional standards
- Each member of the research team receives sufficient training and information to perform the tasks allocated
- Resources available for the project are efficiently utilised.
- Research outputs are of the best quality.
The primary responsibility for ensuring good governance and ethical practice does, however, rest with the individual researcher and due consideration should be given to the following:
Allegations of research misconduct
Failure to comply with the University's principles of good conduct in research may give rise to a complaint of misconduct.
Research misconduct includes, but may not be restricted to, the following:
- Fraud - the manipulation/invention/selective use of data/findings with an intention to deceive (including the misquotation/misrepresentation of other authors)
- Plagiarism - the deliberate copying of data/text without permission or acknowledgement
- Collusion - the deliberate participation in the research misconduct of another person
- Persecution - retaliation against a person who brings charges of misconduct in good faith
- Malicious accusation - bringing a charge of misconduct against another person in bad faith
- Denigration - the deprecation of the worth of another person's work (including failure to give fair and appropriate credit for the work done by junior staff)
- Interference - damage to/removal of another person's research-related property
- Negligence - the culpable departure from legal, administrative and ethical practices in research that involves human or animal subjects
- Non-compliance - the failure to adhere to terms and conditions that have been entered into in order to receive funding (including failure to get ethics committee approval and disobeying the University's, funder's or legal requirements)
Although a rare occurrence, research misconduct is handled very seriously by the University. The University is committed to ensuring that complaints of misconduct are investigated with thoroughness and rigour, bearing in mind legal requirements such as:
Human Rights Act 1998
Freedom of Information Law in Scotland
Data Protection Act 1998
Please refer to the University Procedure for Handling Allegations of Research Misconduct for further details.