Article in Journal ()
Munafo M, Roberts N, Bauld L & Leonards U (2011) Plain packaging increases visual attention to health warnings on cigarette packs in non-smokers and weekly smokers but not daily smokers, Addiction, 106 (8), pp. 1505-1510.
Aims: To assess the impact of plain packaging on visual attention towards health warning information on cigarette packs.
Design: Mixed-model experimental design, comprising smoking status as a between-subjects factor, and package type (branded versus plain) as a within-subjects factor.
Setting: University laboratory.
Participants: Convenience sample of young adults, comprising non-smokers (n = 15), weekly smokers (n = 14) and daily smokers (n = 14).
Measurements: Number of saccades (eye movements) towards health warnings on cigarette packs, to directly index visual attention.
Findings: Analysis of variance indicated more eye movements (i.e. greater visual attention) towards health warnings compared to brand information on plain packs versus branded packs. This effect was observed among non-smokers and weekly smokers, but not daily smokers.
Conclusion: Among non-smokers and non-daily cigarette smokers, plain packaging appears to increase visual attention towards health warning information and away from brand information.
Eye tracking; health warnings; plain packaging; tobacco; visual attention
|Authors||Munafo Marcus, Roberts Nicole, Bauld Linda, Leonards Ute|
|Publisher||Wiley-Blackwell for Society for the Study of Addiction|
Addiction: Volume 106, Issue 8 (2011)