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The Impact of Climate Change on Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics at the Scandinavian Mountain Birch Forest–Tundra Heath Ecotone

Sjogersten S & Wookey P (2009) The Impact of Climate Change on Ecosystem Carbon Dynamics at the Scandinavian Mountain Birch Forest–Tundra Heath Ecotone, AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment, 38 (1), pp. 2-10.

Changes in temperature and moisture resulting from climate change are likely to strongly modify the ecosystem carbon sequestration capacity in high-latitude areas, both through vegetation shifts and via direct warming effects on photosynthesis and decomposition. This paper offers a synthesis of research addressing the potential impacts of climate warming on soil processes and carbon fluxes at the forest–tundra ecotone in Scandinavia. Our results demonstrated higher rates of organic matter decomposition in mountain birch forest than in tundra heath soils, with markedly shallower organic matter horizons in the forest. Field and laboratory experiments suggest that increased temperatures are likely to increase CO2 efflux from both tundra and forest soil providing moisture availability does not become limiting for the decomposition process. Furthermore, colonization of tundra heath by mountain birch forest would increase rates of decomposition, and thus CO2 emissions, from the tundra heath soils, which currently store substantial amounts of potentially labile carbon. Mesic soils underlying both forest and tundra heath are currently weak sinks of atmospheric methane, but the strength of this sink could be increased with climate warming and/or drying.

Carbon; Carbon dioxide; Climate change; Ecotone; Methane; Mountain birch; Scandinavia; Tundra heath

Subject headings
Climatic changes Environmental aspects; Global environmental change; Tundra ecology Arctic regions; Atmospheric carbon dioxide Environmental aspects

AuthorsSjogersten Sofie, Wookey Philip
Publication date02/2009
Date accepted by journal20/05/2008
PublisherThe Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences / Allen Press
ISSN 0044-7447

Ambio: a Journal of the Human Environment: Volume 38, Issue 1 (2009-02)

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