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Quantifying landscape-level methane fluxes in subarctic Finland using a multiscale approach

Hartley I, Hill TC, Wade TJ, Clement RJ, Moncrieff JB, Prieto-Blanco A, Disney M, Huntley B, Williams M, Howden NJK, Wookey P & Baxter R (2015) Quantifying landscape-level methane fluxes in subarctic Finland using a multiscale approach, Global Change Biology, 21 (10), pp. 3712-3725.

Quantifying landscape-scale methane (CH4) fluxes from boreal and arctic regions, and determining how they are controlled, is critical for predicting the magnitude of any CH4 emission feedback to climate change. Furthermore, there remains uncertainty regarding the relative importance of small areas of strong methanogenic activity, vs. larger areas with net CH4 uptake, in controlling landscape-level fluxes. We measured CH4 fluxes from multiple microtopographical subunits (sedge-dominated lawns, interhummocks and hummocks) within an aapa mire in subarctic Finland, as well as in drier ecosystems present in the wider landscape, lichen heath and mountain birch forest. An intercomparison was carried out between fluxes measured using static chambers, up-scaled using a high-resolution landcover map derived from aerial photography and eddy covariance. Strong agreement was observed between the two methodologies, with emission rates greatest in lawns. CH4 fluxes from lawns were strongly related to seasonal fluctuations in temperature, but their floating nature meant that water-table depth was not a key factor in controlling CH4 release. In contrast, chamber measurements identified net CH4 uptake in birch forest soils. An intercomparison between the aerial photography and satellite remote sensing demonstrated that quantifying the distribution of the key CH4 emitting and consuming plant communities was possible from satellite, allowing fluxes to be scaled up to a 100 km2 area. For the full growing season (May to October), ~ 1.1-1.4 g CH4 m-2 was released across the 100 km2 area. This was based on up-scaled lawn emissions of 1.2-1.5 g CH4 m-2, vs. an up-scaled uptake of 0.07-0.15 g CH4 m-2 by the wider landscape. Given the strong temperature sensitivity of the dominant lawn fluxes, and the fact that lawns are unlikely to dry out, climate warming may substantially increase CH4 emissions in northern Finland, and in aapa mire regions in general. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Aapa mire; Arctic; climate change; eddy covariance; methane oxidation; methanogenesis; remote sensing; static chambers

AuthorsHartley Iain, Hill Timothy C, Wade Thomas J, Clement Robert J, Moncrieff John B, Prieto-Blanco Ana, Disney Mathias, Huntley Brian, Williams Mathew, Howden Nicholas J K, Wookey Philip, Baxter Robert
Publication date10/2015
Publication date online13/05/2015
Date accepted by journal27/04/2015
ISSN 1354-1013

Global Change Biology: Volume 21, Issue 10 (2015)

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