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Barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation in a cancer context: A qualitative study of patient, family and professional views

Citation
Wells M, Aitchison P, Harris FM, Ozakinci G, Radley A, Bauld L, Entwistle VA, Munro A, Haw S, Culbard W & Williams B (2017) Barriers and facilitators to smoking cessation in a cancer context: A qualitative study of patient, family and professional views, BMC Cancer, 17, Art. No.: 348.

Abstract
Background 

Continued smoking after cancer adversely affects quality of life and survival, but one fifth of cancer survivors still smoke. Despite its demands, cancer presents an opportunity for positive behaviour change. Smoking often occurs in social groups, therefore interventions which target families and individuals may be more successful. This qualitative study explored patients, family members and health professionals’ views and experiences of smoking and smoking cessation after cancer, in order to inform future interventions. 
Methods 
In-depth qualitative interviews (n=67) with 29 patients, 14 family members and 24 health professionals. Data were analysed using the ‘Framework’ method. 
Results 
Few patients and family members had used National Health Service (NHS) smoking cessation services and more than half still smoked. Most recalled little ‘smoking-related’ discussion with clinicians but were receptive to talking openly. Clinicians revealed several barriers to discussion. Participants’ continued smoking was explained by the stress of diagnosis; desire to maintain personal control; and lack of connection between smoking, cancer and health. 
Conclusions 
A range of barriers to smoking cessation exist for patients and family members. These are insufficiently assessed and considered by clinicians. Interventions must be more effectively integrated into routine practice.

Keywords
Smoking cessation; Patients; Health professionals; Family members; Cancer; Qualitative research

StatusPublished
AuthorsWells Mary, Aitchison Patricia, Harris Fiona Margaret, Ozakinci Gozde, Radley Andrew, Bauld Linda, Entwistle Vikki A, Munro Alastair, Haw Sally, Culbard William, Williams Brian
Publication date19/05/2017
Publication date online19/05/2017
Date accepted by journal11/05/2017
PublisherBioMed Central
ISSN 1471-2407
LanguageEnglish

Journal
bmc Cancer: Volume 17

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