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University of Stirling


Article in Journal

Determinants of outcome of vocational rehabilitation

Siggeirsdottir K & Haraldsson S (2016) Determinants of outcome of vocational rehabilitation, Work, 55 (3), pp. 577-583.

BACKGROUND: Information regarding the determinants of successful vocational rehabilitation (VR) is scarce. 

OBJECTIVE: Investigate whether sex, duration, quality of life and financial circumstances influence the success of VR. 
METHODS: The study group consisted of 519 participants (293 women, 56%), who finished VR in the period 2000–2014. The group was divided into the following subgroups: dropouts, unsuccessful and successful VR. Data were collected by questionnaire. 
RESULTS: Income had the most impact on whether the outcome was successful. Having supplemental income when entering the VR program increased the likelihood of a successful conclusion, odds ratio (OR) 5.60 (95% CI; 2.43–13.59) (p < 0.001), being on sick leave OR 5.02 (95% CI 1.93–13.79) (p < 0.001) or rehabilitation pension OR 1.93 (95% CI 1.07–3.52) (p < 0.03). The participants in the successful sub-group were older (p < 0.06) and stayed in rehabilitation longer (p < 0.001), compared to those who were unsuccessful. However, the effect on OR was limited: 1.03 (95% CI 1.01–1.06) and 1.04 (95% CI 1.02–1.07), respectively. 
CONCLUSIONS: For this sample, supplemental income appears to be the most important factor for a successful rehabilitation outcome. Checking financial status at the beginning of the rehabilitation process could minimize financial strain and increase the likelihood of success.

Financial income; quality of life; longitudinal research; mental health; employment; education

AuthorsSiggeirsdottir Kristin, Haraldsson Saemundur
Publication date2016
Publication date online22/11/2016
Date accepted by journal16/02/2016
PublisherIOS Press
ISSN 1051-9815

Work: Volume 55, Issue 3 (2016)

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