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Reconstructing disease transmission dynamics from animal movements and test data

O'Hare A & Enright J (2017) Reconstructing disease transmission dynamics from animal movements and test data, Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment, 31 (2), pp. 369-377.

Disease outbreaks are often accompanied by a wealth of data, usually in the form of movements, locations and tests. This data is a valuable resource in which data scientists and epidemiologists can reconstruct the transmission pathways and parameters and thus devise control strategies. However, the spatiotemporal data gathered can be both vast whilst at the same time incomplete or contain errors frustrating the effort to accurately model the transmission processes. Fortunately, several techniques exist that can be used to infer the relevant information to help explain these processes. The aim of this article is to provide the reader with a user friendly introduction to the techniques used in dealing with the large datasets that exists in epidemiological and ecological science and the common pitfalls that are to be avoided as well as an introduction to inference techniques for estimating parameter values for mathematical models from spatiotemporal datasets.

Epidemiology; Modelling; Bayesian Inference; Simulation; Networks; Spatio-temporal

AuthorsO'Hare Anthony, Enright Jessica
Publication date02/2017
Publication date online16/11/2016
Date accepted by journal16/11/2016
ISSN 1436-3240

Stochastic Environmental Research and Risk Assessment: Volume 31, Issue 2 (2016)

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