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ABC inference of multi-population divergence with admixture from unphased population genomic data

Robinson JD, Bunnefeld L, Hearn J, Stone GN & Hickerson MJ (2014) ABC inference of multi-population divergence with admixture from unphased population genomic data, Molecular Ecology, 23 (18), pp. 4458-4471.

Rapidly developing sequencing technologies and declining costs have made it possible to collect genome-scale data from population-level samples in nonmodel systems. Inferential tools for historical demography given these data sets are, at present, underdeveloped. In particular, approximate Bayesian computation (ABC) has yet to be widely embraced by researchers generating these data. Here, we demonstrate the promise of ABC for analysis of the large data sets that are now attainable from nonmodel taxa through current genomic sequencing technologies. We develop and test an ABC framework for model selection and parameter estimation, given histories of three-population divergence with admixture. We then explore different sampling regimes to illustrate how sampling more loci, longer loci or more individuals affects the quality of model selection and parameter estimation in this ABC framework. Our results show that inferences improved substantially with increases in the number and/or length of sequenced loci, while less benefit was gained by sampling large numbers of individuals. Optimal sampling strategies given our inferential models included at least 2000 loci, each approximately 2 kb in length, sampled from five diploid individuals per population, although specific strategies are model and question dependent. We tested our ABC approach through simulation-based cross-validations and illustrate its application using previously analysed data from the oak gall wasp, Biorhiza pallida.

approximate Bayesian computation; Biorhiza pallida; gene flow; next-generation sequencing; phylogeography; speciation

AuthorsRobinson John D, Bunnefeld Lynsey, Hearn Jack, Stone Graham N, Hickerson Michael J
Publication date09/2014
Publication date online11/08/2014
Date accepted by journal06/08/2014
ISSN 0962-1083

Molecular Ecology: Volume 23, Issue 18 (2014)

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