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The neural mechanism underlying recollection is sensitive to the quality of episodic memory: Event related potentials reveal a some-or-none threshold

Citation
Murray J, Howie C & Donaldson D (2015) The neural mechanism underlying recollection is sensitive to the quality of episodic memory: Event related potentials reveal a some-or-none threshold, NeuroImage, 120, pp. 298-308.

Abstract
Although much is known about the underlying neural systems that support recollection, exactly how recollection operates remains unclear. One possibility is that recollection reflects the operation of a continuous retrieval process, whereby test cues always elicit some information from memory. Alternatively, recollection may reflect the operation of a thresholded process that allows for retrieval failure, whereby test cues sometimes elicit no information from memory at all. Here we demonstrate that recollection is thresholded by measuring a commonly reported electrophysiological correlate of episodic retrieval – known as the Left Parietal old/new effect. We use a novel source task designed to directly measure the accuracy of retrieval success, finding that the neural correlate of retrieval was sensitive to the precision of responses when recollection succeeded, but was absent when recollection failed. The results clarify the nature of the neural mechanism underlyingepisodic memory, providing novel evidence in support of some-or-none threshold models of recollection.

Keywords
Episodic memory; Recollection; Event Related Potentials (ERPs); Left parietal effect; Source memory; Threshold

StatusPublished
AuthorsMurray Jamie, Howie Catherine, Donaldson David
Publication date15/10/2015
Publication date online02/07/2015
Date accepted by journal25/06/2015
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 1053-8119
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Neuroimage: Volume 120

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