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The effects of feeding β-glucan to Pangasianodon hypophthalmus on immune gene expression and resistance to Edwardsiella ictaluri

Citation
Sirimanapong W, Thompson KD, Ooi EL, Bekaert M, Collet B, Taggart J, Bron J, Green D, Shinn A, Adams A & Leaver M (2015) The effects of feeding β-glucan to Pangasianodon hypophthalmus on immune gene expression and resistance to Edwardsiella ictaluri, Fish and Shellfish Immunology, 47 (1), pp. 595-605.

Abstract
Pangasianodon hypophthalmus (striped catfish) is an important aquaculture species and intensification of farming has increased disease problems, particularly Edwardsiella ictaluri. The effects of feeding β-glucans on immune gene expression and resistance to E.ictaluri in P.hypophthalmus were explored. Fish were fed 0.1% fungal-derived β-glucan or 0.1% commercial yeast-derived β-glucan or a basal control diet without glucan. After 14 days of feeding, the mRNA expression of immune genes (transferrin, C-reactive protein, precerebellin-like protein, Complement C3 and factor B, 2a MHC class II and interleukin-1beta) in liver, kidney and spleen were determined. Following this fish from each of the three diet treatment groups were infected with E.ictaluri and further gene expression measured 24h post-infection (h.p.i.), while the remaining fish were monitored over 2 weeks for mortalities. Cumulative percentage mortality at 14 days post-infection (d.p.i.) was less in β-glucan fed fish compared to controls. There was no difference in gene expression between dietary groups after feeding for 14 days, but there was a clear difference between infected and uninfected fish at 24h.p.i., and based on principal component analysis β-glucans stimulated the overall expression of immune genes in the liver, kidney and spleen at 24h.p.i.

Keywords
Striped catfish; β-glucan; Edwardsiella ictaluri; Immune gene expression

StatusPublished
AuthorsSirimanapong Wanna, Thompson Kim D, Ooi Ei Lin, Bekaert Michaël, Collet Bertrand, Taggart John, Bron James, Green Darren, Shinn Andrew, Adams Alexandra, Leaver Michael
Publication date11/2015
Publication date online09/10/2015
Date accepted by journal29/09/2015
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 1050-4648
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Fish and Shellfish Immunology: Volume 47, Issue 1

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