Article in Journal ()
Church MJ, Arge SV, Edwards KJ, Ascough PL, Bond JM, Cook G, Dockrill SJ, Dugmore AJ, McGovern TH, Nesbitt C & Simpson I (2013) The Vikings were not the first colonizers of the Faroe Islands, Quaternary Science Reviews, 77, pp. 228-232.
We report on the earliest archaeological evidence from the Faroe Islands, placing human colonization in the 4th-6th centuries AD, at least 300-500 years earlier than previously demonstrated archaeologically. The evidence consists of an extensive wind-blown sand deposit containing patches of burnt peat ash of anthropogenic origin. Samples of carbonised barley grains from two of these ash patches produced 14C dates of two pre-Viking phases within the 4th-6th and late 6th-8th centuries AD. A re-evaluation is required of the nature, scale and timing of the human colonization of the Faroes and the wider North Atlantic region.
Faroe Islands; Earliest human settlement; 14C Dating
|Authors||Church Mike J, Arge Simun V, Edwards Kevin J, Ascough Philippa L, Bond Julie M, Cook Gordon, Dockrill Stephen J, Dugmore Andrew J, McGovern Thomas H, Nesbitt Claire, Simpson Ian|
|Date accepted by journal||12/06/2013|
Quaternary Science Reviews: Volume 77 (2013)