Professor Jimmy Turnbull

Professor

Institute of Aquaculture Pathfoot Building, University of Stirling, Stirling, FK9 4LA

Professor Jimmy Turnbull

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About me

About me

I am Professor of Aquatic Animal Health and Welfare in the Institute of Aquaculture, University of Stirling, Named Veterinary Surgeon, prescribing vet and many other roles for compliance with Home Office animal research legislation. I was the Course Director for the MSc in Aquatic Veterinary Studies and Aquatic Pathobiology for more than 14 years and have provided specialist lectures at several UK universities. I have had many other roles including Deputy Director of the Institute of Aquaculture, Research Theme lead for Productive Seas (Marine Alliance for Science and Technology Scotland), academic Lead for the establishment of the Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre, and others. I have acted as external examiner for PhD theses in the UK, Australia, Belgium, India, Norway and Sweden. My group has had research funding from Defra (UK Department of the Environment Food and Rural Affairs), Sarf (Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum), EU STREP funding (Specific Targeted REsearch Project European Commission Sixth Framework programme), the British Trout Association, The Fisheries Research Service (an Agency of the Scottish Government) and Marine Harvest Ltd., and currently the Humane Slaughter Association.

After the age of five I was brought up on close to the sea on the west coast of Scotland and always had a fascination with things aquatic. After school I went to veterinary college in Edinburgh and during my time there I developed a keen interest in production animal health which I followed during 6 years in general vet practice. However, a decline in the demand for farm animal vets led me back to things aquatic and specifically commercial production of fish. I first completed an MSc in Aquatic Veterinary Studies, followed by a part time PhD on fin damage in Atlantic salmon parr, at the Institute of Aquaculture. During the PhD I also worked in diagnostics and health advice to a group of commercial farms. Following my PhD, my job entailed aquatic animal health consultancies on behalf of the institute combined with an increasing role in teaching. Much of my work at that time was in South East Asia on cultured shrimp. Towards the end of the 1990s I increased the amount of time I devoted to research, especially in Europe, and was fortunate to obtain continuous research funding building up the Aquatic Population Health and Welfare group in the process.

During my career I have been extremely lucky to collaborate and become friends with some exceptional people who have been an inspiration and great practical support. Some of the things I learned might be summarised as: You can be ethical and successful - Felicity Huntingford. If you assume you can do anything you can find a way to do most things - Kenton Morgan. Different people need different incentives but always be polite - Supranee Chinabut. No privilege comes without responsibility - CV Mohan. A massive amount about fish - Iain Semple and Colin Adams Sleep is optional - Pornlerd Charatchakool. Everything he knew about statistics - Tony Patterson. How to delegate - Margaret Crumlish. Never talk up to or down to anyone - John and Mary Turnbull. A work ethic - John and Mary Turnbull. There is more to life than work - Connor Turnbull.

Research (18)

Aquatic animal health and welfare Aquatic epidemiologyMy research interests lie in understanding determinants of health and welfare in farmed aquatic populations and translating that understanding into improved farming practices. I have been working in this area since 1998.

Projects

ROBUST-SMOLT Impact of Early Life History in Freshwater Recirculation Aquaculture Systems on A. Salmon Robustness and Susceptibility to Disease at Sea
PI: Professor Herve Migaud
Funded by: Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Collation of knowledge on the welfare of Atlantic salmon and rainbow trout in aquaculture (FISHWELL)
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: The Norwegian Seafood Research Fund

Merck Animal Health Consultancy
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Merck Animal Health

Scotpil Short Course
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Delegates - Short Courses

Health and welfare of lumpfish in hatchery production and deployed in Scottish salmon cages
PI: Dr Sonia Rey Planellas
Funded by: Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre

Improving Cleaner fish Vaccination methodology and technology
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre

Study to Identify ways of reducing farmed fish fin damage in hatcheries
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs

Welfare of Atlantic salmon postsmolts in closed-containment production systems,
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: The Research Council of Norway

COPEWELL- Coping Ability of Farmed Fish- towards a deeper understanding of fish welfare
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: European Commission (Horizon 2020)

SAIC Equipment Award
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Scottish Aquaculture Innovation Centre

SARF 104: Sea Lice Research Feasibility Study – SARF Board Paper relating to SARF101
PI: Professor James Bron
Funded by: Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum

Early environmental effects on Animal Welfare, health productivity
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs

An experimental and Modelling Framework for Breeding Atlantic Salmon
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs

BENEFISH
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: European Commission (Horizon 2020)

A Study of the Aetiology & control of Rainbow Trout Gastro Enteritis (RTGE)
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: British Trout Association, Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs and Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum

Developing a scheme for monitoring sentinel farms in the UK Trout Industry
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: British Trout Association, Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs and Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum

Developing Practical strategies for reducing the spread of harmful organisms during the transportation of live fish
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: British Trout Association and Scottish Aquaculture Research Forum

Rainbow Trout Fin Erosion
PI: Professor Jimmy Turnbull
Funded by: Department for Environment Food & Rural Affairs

Outputs (95)

Outputs

Book Review

Turnbull J (2021) The Welfare of Fish. Review of: The Welfare of Fish. Edited by TS Kristiansen, A Ferno, MA Pavlidis and H van de Vis (2020). Springer Nature, Heidelberg. 532 pages (ISBN: 978-3030416744). Animal Welfare, 30 (2), pp. 229-230. https://www.ingentaconnect.com/contentone/ufaw/aw/2021/00000030/00000002/art00012#

Article

Legario F, Choresca Jr CH, Turnbull JF & Crumlish M (2020) Isolation and Molecular Characterization of Streptococcal Species recovered from Clinical Infections in Farmed Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) in the Philippines. Journal of Fish Diseases, 43 (11), pp. 1431-1442. https://doi.org/10.1111/jfd.13247

Article

Harper K, Anucha NP, Turnbull JF, Bean CW & Leaver MJ (2018) Searching for a signal: Environmental DNA (eDNA) for the detection of invasive signal crayfish, Pacifastacus leniusculus (Dana, 1852). Management of Biological Invasions, 9 (2), pp. 137-148. http://www.reabic.net/journals/mbi/2018/Accepted/MBI_2018_Harper_etal_correctedproof.pdf; https://doi.org/10.3391/mbi.2018.9.2.07

Article

Williams CF, Moravec F, Turnbull J & Ferguson H (2012) Seasonal development and pathological changes associated with the parasitic nematode Philometroides sanguineus in wild crucian carp Carassius carassius (L.) in England. Journal of Helminthology, 86 (3), pp. 329-338. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X11000356

Article

Callaway R, Shinn A, Grenfell SE, Bron J, Burnell G, Cook EE, Crumlish M, Culloty S, Davidson K, Ellis RP, Flynn KJ, Fox C, Green D, Hays GC, Hughes AD, Johnston E, Lowe CD, Lupatsch I, Malham SK, Mendzil AF, Nickell T, Pickerell T, Rowley AF, Stanley MS, Tocher DR, Turnbull J, Webb G, Wootton E & Shields RJ (2012) Review of climate change impacts on marine aquaculture in the UK and Ireland. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 22 (3), pp. 389-421. https://doi.org/10.1002/aqc.2247

Article

Ellis T, Berrill I, Lines JA, Turnbull J & Knowles TG (2012) Mortality and fish welfare. Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 38 (1), pp. 189-199. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10695-011-9547-3

Article

Shinn A, Collins C, Garcia-Vasquez A, Snow M, Matejusova I, Paladini G, Longshaw M, Lindenstrom T, Stone DM, Turnbull J, Picon-Camacho SM, Vazquez-Rivera C, Duguid R, Mo TA, Hansen H, Olstad K, Cable J, Harris PD, Kerr R, Graham DA, Monaghan S, Yoon GH, Buchmann K, Taylor NGH, Bakke TA, Raynard R, Irving S & Bron J (2010) Multi-centre testing and validation of current protocols for the identification of Gyrodactylus salaris (Monogenea). International Journal for Parasitology, 40 (12), pp. 1455-1467. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijpara.2010.04.016

Article

del Pozo J, Turnbull J, Ferguson H & Crumlish M (2010) A comparative molecular study of the presence of "Candidatus arthromitus" in the digestive system of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), healthy and affected with rainbow trout gastroenteritis. Journal of Fish Diseases, 33 (3), pp. 241-250. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2761.2009.01117.x

Book Chapter

Ellis T, Oidtmann B, St-Hilaire S, Turnbull J, North BP, MacIntyre C, Nikolaidis J, Hoyle I, Kestin SC & Knowles TG (2008) Fin erosion in farmed fish. In: Branson E (ed.) Fish Welfare. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 121-149. http://eu.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0470698047.html

Commentary

Huntingford FA, Adams CE, Braithwaite VA, Kadri S, Pottinger TG, Sandoe P & Turnbull J (2007) The implications of a feelings-based approach to fish welfare: A reply to Arlinghaus et al. Commentary on: Arlinghaus, R.; Cooke, S. J.; Schwab, A.; Cowx, I. G., Fish welfare: a challenge to the feelings-based approach, with implications for recreational fishing, Fish and Fisheries 2007 Vol. 8 No. 1 pp. 57-71. Fish and Fisheries, 8 (3), pp. 277-280. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-2679.2007.00254.x

Article

Huntingford FA, Adams CE, Braithwaite VA, Kadri S, Pottinger TG, Sandoe P & Turnbull J (2006) Current Issues in Fish Welfare. Journal of Fish Biology, 68 (2), pp. 332-372. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.0022-1112.2006.001046.x

Conference Proceeding

Corsin F, Turnbull J, Mohan CV, Hao NV & Morgan KL (2005) Pond-level risk factors for White Spot disease outbreaks. In: Turnbull J (ed.) Diseases in Asian Aquaculture V. Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, 5. The Fifth Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, Brisbane, Australia, 24.11.2002-28.11.2002. Manila, Phillipines: Asian Fisheries Society, pp. 75-92. http://www.fhs-afs.net/daa_v_proceedings.htm

Conference Proceeding

Turnbull J, Corsin F, Mohan CV, Padiyar PA, Thakur PC, Madhusudan M, Hao NV & Morgan KL (2005) Optimising Emergency Harvest Strategy for White Spot Disease in a Semi-Intensive Penaeus monodon Culture System in Karnataka, India. In: Walker P, Lester R & Bondad-Reantaso M (eds.) Diseases in Asian Aquaculture V. Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, 5. Fifth Symposium on Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, Brisbane, Australia, 24.11.2002-28.11.2002. Manila, Phillipines: Asian Fisheries Society, pp. 405-414. http://www.fhs-afs.net/daa_v_proceedings.htm

Article

Thakur PC, Corsin F, Turnbull J, Shankar KM, Hao NV, Padiyar PA, Madhusudhan M, Morgan KL & Mohan CV (2002) Estimation of prevalence of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) by polymerase chain reaction in Penaeus monodon postlarvae at time of stocking in shrimp farms of Karnataka, India: A population-based study. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 49 (3), pp. 235-243. https://doi.org/10.3354/dao049235

Article

Corsin F, Phi TT, Phuoc LH, Tinh NTN, Hao NV, Mohan CV, Turnbull J & Morgan KL (2002) Problems and solutions with the design and execution of an epidemiological study of white spot disease in black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) in Vietnam. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 53 (1-2), pp. 117-132. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0167-5877%2801%2900265-3

Article

Romero X, Turnbull J & Jimenez R (2000) Ultrastructure and cytopathology of a rickettsia-like organism causing systemic infection in the redclaw crayfish, Cherax quadricarinatus (Crustacea: decapoda), in Ecuador. Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, 76 (2), pp. 95-104. https://doi.org/10.1006/jipa.2000.4952

Article

Gomez-Gil B, Roque A, Turnbull J & Inglis V (1998) A review on the use of microorganisms as probiotics. Revista Latinoamericana de Microbiologia, 40 (3-4), pp. 166-172. http://new.medigraphic.com/cgi-bin/contenido.cgi?IDREVISTA=23&IDPUBLICACION=2503

Conference Proceeding

Larkins PE, Coutts RR, Dewi E & Turnbull J (1995) Trends in disease problems in the Black Tiger Prawn, Penaeus monodon, cultured along the Malacca Straits coast of North Saumatra Province from 1984 to 1993. In: Shariff M, Arthur J & Subasinghe R (eds.) Diseases in Asian Aquaculture II. Second Symposium on Diseases in Asian Aquaculture, Phuket, Thailand, 25.10.1993-29.10.1993. Makati, Phillipines: Asian Fisheries Society, pp. 57-63. http://www.fhs-afs.net/publications.htm