Charles provides research support to the ESRC funded SmartGov project (2015-19) on citizen involvement with Smart sustainable cities, using ICTs. Joining Stirling Management School in 2010, he has worked on various European Research Projects involving surveillance in society: Living in Surveillance Societies (LiSS) 2009-13; Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies (IRISS) 2012-15, and Assessing Security Research (ASSERT), 2013-14. He graduated M. Phil (Urban Policy) from the University of Glasgowin1996, and has worked as a senior manager within local government on performance, information and property management.
Event / Presentation
The Rise of Body-Worn Video Cameras: A New Surveillance Revolution?. The 7th Biennial Surveillance and Society Conference
http://www.ssn2016.net/ The use of body-worn video (BWV) in the UK is growing steadily and is being used routinely by public officials in relation to policing, community safety, car parking and in the public transport environment. It is being introduced for a variety of reasons, including, to deter assaults on staff, to provide evidence of incidents and to record interactions between service providers and users. Despite their growing use relatively little is known about the numbers of devices deployed, their technical capability, costs, and governance arrangements, or whether BWV complies with data protection and other legislation. This paper seeks to address this knowledge gap, by providing preliminary evidence about the use of BWV in a number of public service settings in Scotland. It provides a basic overview of the numbers of BWV deployed, their primary purpose, cost, as well as a comparison of data processing arrangements and governance practices, and some of the practical issues associated with the effective deployment of this technology. The widespread use of BWV is becoming normalised in encounters between citizens and public officials and arguably represents a new dimension to citizen-state relations. In the US there have been calls from politicians for police officers to be routinely equipped with BWV, following the deaths of young black males in police custody. The investigation into the police shooting in 2011 of Mark Duggan in the UK, called for ‘urgent improvement in the accountability of police operations after it found that a lack of audio or video material made it impossible to know with certainty exactly what happened.’ However, the diffusion of BWV has not been accompanied by guidelines governing their use and oversight, and it is apparent that differing approaches to deployment and data management are emerging. It is evident that we currently know very little about the diffusion of BWV.
Charles is a member of the Stirling Management School Research Centre: CRISP: ‘Centre for Research into Information, Surveillance and Privacy’, involving Professor William Webster, and colleagues at the University of Edinburgh and The Open University. This Europe-wide centre for excellence and knowledge, builds on a number of research projects, and raises understanding and awareness of information, surveillance and privacy issues across society. He is also a member of the Surveillance Studies Network, and the Scottish Privacy Forum. His research interests are primarily in the areas of workplace surveillance; neighbourhood watch; and the sale of citizens' information by government bodies to third parties.
Tomor Z, Przeybilovicz E & Leleux C (2021) Smart governance in institutional context: An in-depth analysis of Glasgow, Utrecht, and Curitiba. Cities, 114, Art. No.: 103195. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2021.103195
Webster CWR & Leleux C (2020) Stand up please, the real Sustainable Smart City. In: Willis KS & Aurigi A (eds.) The Routledge Companion to Smart Cities. Routledge International Handbooks. London: Routledge, pp. 225-238. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315178387-16
Leleux C & Webster CWR (2020) The Rise of Body-worn Video Cameras: A New Surveillance Revolution?. In: Newell BC (ed.) Police on Camera: Surveillance, Privacy, and Accountability. Routledge Series on Surveillance. London: Routledge. https://www.routledge.com/Police-on-Camera-Surveillance-Privacy-and-Accountability/Newell/p/book/9781138342439
Przeybilovicz E, Cunha MA, Geertman S, Leleux C, Michels A, Tomor Z, Webster CW & Meijer A (2020) Citizen Participation in the Smart City: Findings from An International Comparative Study. Local Government Studies. https://doi.org/10.1080/03003930.2020.1851204
Leleux C & Webster W (2018) Delivering Smart Governance in a Future City: The Case of Glasgow. Media and Communication, 6 (4), pp. 163-174. E-Government and Smart Cities: Theoretical Reflections and Case Studies. https://doi.org/10.17645/mac.v6i4.1639
Leleux C & Webster CWR (2018) Resilience, surveillance and big data in crisis management: case studies from Europe, the United Kingdom and New Zealand. In: Boersma K & Fonio C (eds.) Big Data, Surveillance and Crisis Management. Routledge Studies in Surveillance, 1. Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 121-142. https://www.routledge.com/Big-Data-Surveillance-and-Crisis-Management/Boersma-Fonio/p/book/9781138195431
Leleux C & Webster CWR (2016) The Sale of Edited Electoral Registers in Scotland: Implications for Privacy, Data Protection and Citizenship. Scottish Affairs, 25 (4), pp. 479-505. https://doi.org/10.3366/scot.2016.0153
Webster CWR & Leleux C (2016) Body-worn Cameras and Public Services in Scotland (Presentation) University of Glasgow, Urban Big Data Centre, Seminar Series, University of Glasgow, 07.04.2016-07.04.2016.
Webster CWR & Leleux C (2016) The Rise of Body-Worn Video Cameras: A New Surveillance Revolution? (Presentation) The 7th Biennial Surveillance and Society Conference, Barcelona, Spain, 20.04.2016-23.04.2016. http://www.ssn2016.net/blog/wp-content/uploads/Booklet_Abstracts_2016.pdf
Goos K, Friedewald M, Webster CWR & Leleux C (2014) The co-evolution of surveillance technologies and surveillance practices. In: Wright D & Kreissl R (eds.) Surveillance in Europe. London: Routledge, pp. 51-100. http://www.routledge.com/books/details/9780415728997/
Neumann A, Berglez R, Kreissl R, Zurawski N, Fischer D, Fonio C, Leleux C, Webster CWR, Peissl W, Lastic E, Kovanic M & Spiller K (2014) IRISS (Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies) FP7 European Research Project, Deliverable 4.2: Doing privacy in everyday encounters with surveillance.. European Commission. European Commission, FP7, IRISS: Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies Deliverable, 4.2. IRISS. http://www.irissproject.eu/
Leleux C (2014) IRISS (Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies) FP7 European Research Project, Deliverable D6.1: Civil Protection in a European Context, in A report on resilience in "democratic" surveillance societies.
Civil protection in a European context, in A report on resilience in "democratic" surveillance societies. Wright D (Editor) & Rodrigues R (Editor) European Commission, FP7, IRISS: Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies Deliverable, 6.1, part 2.1.7. Glasgow: IRISS. http://irissproject.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/D6.1-Resilience-report.pdf
Leleux C (2014) IRISS (Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies) FP7 European Research Project, Deliverable D6.1: 2011 Christchurch earthquake, in A report on resilience in "democratic" surveillance societies. Wright D (Editor) & Rodrigues R (Editor) European Commission. IRISS: Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies - Deliverable, 6.1, Part 3.2.7. Glasgow: IRISS. http://irissproject.eu/wp-content/uploads/2014/06/D6.1-Resilience-report.pdf
Webster CWR & Leleux C (2014) The Emergence of SMART CCTV in Scotland. SSN 2014: Surveillance Ambiguities & Assymetries - The 6th international Surveillance & Society conference, Barcelona, Spain, 24.04.2014-25.04.2014. http://www.ssn2014.net/?page_id=1184
Leleux C & Webster CWR (2014) The sale of 'edited' electoral registers in Scotland: Implications for Citizenship, Privacy and Data Protection. Surveillance Studies Network, 6th Biennial Conference: 'Ambiguities and Asymmetries', Barcelona, Spain, 24.04.2014-26.04.2014. http://www.ssn2014.net/?page_id=1526
Webster CWR & Leleux C (2013) SMART CCTV in Scotland. European Group of Public Administration Annual Conference, Edinburgh, 11.09.2013-13.09.2013. https://www.conftool.pro/egpa2013/index.php?page=browseSessions&form_session=25
Webster CWR, Galdon Clavell G, Zurawski N, Boersma K, Sagvari B, Backman C & Leleux C (eds.) (2013) Living in Surveillance Societies: 'The State of Surveillance' Proceedings of LiSS Conference 3. Charleston, South Carolina, USA: Create Space Platform. http://www.langtoninfo.co.uk/showitem.aspx?isbn=148404908X
Webster CWR, Leleux C, Sterbik-Lamina J, Cas J, Peissl W, Fischer D, Bonss W, De Hert P, Galdon Clavell G, Galetta A, Fonio C, Jones R, Szekely I & Vissy B (2013) Deliverable D2.1: The Social Perspective. IRISS Work Package 2, 2.1. IRISS - Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies. http://irissproject.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Social-perspectives-of-surveillance-and-democracy-report-D2.1-IRISS.pdf
Raab CD, Jones R, Fischer D, Bonss W, Lastic E, Szekely I, Vissy B, Galdon Clavell G, Webster CWR, Leleux C, De Hert P & Galetta A (2013) Deliverable D2.2: The Political Perspective. IRISS Work Package 2, 2.2. IRISS - Increasing Resilience in Surveillance Societies. http://irissproject.eu/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/Political-perspectives-of-surveillance-and-democracy-report-D2.2-IRISS.pdf
Webster CWR, Balahur D, Zurawski N, Boersma K, Sagvari B, Backman C & Leleux C (eds.) (2012) Living in Surveillance Societies: The Ghosts of Surveillance (redacted by Leleux, Charles). Iasi, Romania: Editura Universitatii, Alexandru Ioan Cuza, IASI. http://www.cost.eu/media/publications/12-23-Living-in-Surveillance-Societies-The-Ghosts-of-Surveillance
Webster CWR & Leleux C (2010) CCTV Policy and Practice: Findings from a National Survey of Local Authorities in Scotland (Presentation) "A Global Surveillance Society?" Fourth Biannual Surveillance and Society/SSN conference organised in conjunction with the Living in Surveillance Societies (LiSS) COST Action, London, UK, 13.04.2010-15.04.2010.
Crighton M, Turok I & Leleux C (2008) Devolving the responsibility for policy integration: the case of welfare to work [UK Social Policy Association Conference: Challenging Boundaries, Edinburgh, 23-25 June, 2008. (Conference Paper: . (2008), ‘‘’’ ) (913)]. UK Social Policy Association Conference: Challenging Boundaries, Edinburgh, 23.06.2008-25.06.2008.