Paul Lintott

Photo of PhD student Paul LintottPhD Research Student (part-time)

BSc Biological Sciences (Honours in Ecology), University of Edinburgh (2003-07)
MSc Environmental Management, University of Stirling (2009-10)

Supervisors: Dr Kirsty Park, Dr Nils Bunnefeld

Start Date: 1st October 2010

tel: +44 (0)1786 467787
email: Paul Lintott

Research Project

Ecology and conservation of urban bats

Although urbanisation by expanding human populations can reduce native biological diversity by reducing the amount and quality of habitat available for wildlife, green spaces (e.g. parks, gardens) within urban areas can hold relatively rich wildlife communities.
 Previous studies have highlighted the importance of green space to human health and well-being as well as wildlife conservation and the issue of urban biodiversity is moving up political and environmental agendas. Urban areas are important for wildlife, however, they are often threatened by development.  Understanding how different species use urban environments and how habitat management and urban planning can promote population persistence is therefore critical to their conservation.

Many bat species in Europe have undergone large population declines during the 20th century, and the expansion of urban development is thought to be a contributory factor. The impact of urbanisation appears to vary between bats, for example, Pipistrellus spp. are thought to be relatively well adapted to urbanisation, while Myotis spp. are not. There is currently relatively little information on bat ecology within British urban areas; during my PhD I will be looking at a variety of research topics including:

Measuring the forearm of a Soprano pipistrelleBats in Urban Woodland

An explanation of the factors that may determine bat diversity, bat activity, and bat abundance within urban woodland throughout Central Scotland. This study will determine how bat usage within fragmented urban woodland is influenced by woodland characteristics such as tree species richness, woodland clutter, and woodland size. I will also examine the influence of the surrounding urban matrix by looking at the influence of landscape metrics such as woodland patch configuration, habitat diversity, and connectivity on bat activity and abundance.

Kayak in London before surveyBats along Urban Waterways

A study of how bats exploit urban waterways (rivers and canals) throughout Britain. My research will look at how bat activity is determined by both local site characteristics such as bankside vegetation or pollution and landscape characteristics such as connectivity to woodland or the extent of urbanisation.

GIS map of Glasgow

The distribution and habitat preferences of pipistrelle bats within UK urban areas 

‌The National Bat Monitoring Programme (NBMP) is a nationwide survey which monitors the population trends of British bat species across a range of habitats. Since 1996 more than 3,000 volunteers have undertaken surveys at over 5,800 roost or field sites throughout the UK. Using this data we will examine differential responses to urbanisation between P. pygmaeus and P. pipistrellus at a landscape scale. Using geographic information systems (GIS) we will explore the response of pipistrelle bats to landscape configuration and habitat fragmentation. Results may form the basis of management plans to optimise habitats for particular species or to identify the extent to which urban landscapes are detrimental to pipistrelle populations

Relevant CV

2009 - 2010 MSc in Environmental Management, University of Stirling. Distinction. Thesis - Foraging activity of bats in golf courses within urban environments in relation to habitat composition at varying spatial scales.

2009 - Hen Harrier Ranger, ATH Resources - surveying and preventing the persecution of the Hen Harrier on the moorlands of Ayrshire.

2008 - 2009 - Field Team Leader, Falcons for Grapes Project - introducing New Zealand Falcons to vineyards to increase habitat for a threatened species.

2008 - Sampled Red List Intern, Institute of Zoology - worked on the Sampled Red List Index (SRLI) team to conduct Red List assessments on reptiles.

2007 - Field Researcher, Mauritius Wildlife Foundation - conducting a population survey on the Mauritian Kestrel within Mauritius.

2003 - 2007 BSc Honours in Biological Sciences, University of Edinburgh, 1st Class

New Zealand Falcon
Echo Parakeet
Abseiling looking for a NZ Falcon Nest


Lintott P.R., Bunnefeld N., Fuentes-Montemayor E.,  Minderman J., Blackmore L.M., Goulson D., Park K.J. (2014). Moth species richness, abundance and diversity in fragmented urban woodlands: implications for conservation and management strategies. Biodiversity & Conservation 23: 2875-2901

 Lintott P.R., Fuentes-Montemayor E., Goulson D., Park K.J. (2014). Testing the effectiveness of surveying techniques in determining bat community composition within woodland. Wildlife Research 40: 675-684

 Lintott P.R., Bunnefeld N., Fuentes-Montemayor E.,  Minderman J., Park K.J.City life makes females fussy: sex differences in habitat use of temperate bats in urban areas. Royal Society Open Science 1: 140200

 Lintott P.R., Bunnefeld N.,  Minderman J., Fuentes-Montemayor E., Park K.J.Differential responses to woodland character and landscape context by cryptic bats in the urban environment (in review). 

 Lintott P.R., Bunnefeld, N., Park K.J. Opportunities for improving the foraging potential of urban waterways for bats. (in review).

 Lintott P.R., Bunnefeld, N., Daley, H., Park K.J. The influence of vegetation characteristics, anthropogenic disturbances and the surrounding landscape in determining use of urban gardens by bats (in review).


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