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Biosynthesis of essential fatty acids in Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797): Molecular cloning, functional characterisation and tissue distribution of a fatty acyl elongase

Citation
Monroig O, Guinot D, Hontoria F, Tocher DR & Navarro JC (2012) Biosynthesis of essential fatty acids in Octopus vulgaris (Cuvier, 1797): Molecular cloning, functional characterisation and tissue distribution of a fatty acyl elongase, Aquaculture, 360-361, pp. 45-53.

Abstract
Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) have been identified as key nutrients for the common octopus (Octopus vulgaris), particularly for its early life-cycle stages (paralarvae). Our overarching aim is to establish the essential fatty acid (FA) requirements for octopus paralarvae through determination of the enzymes of endogenous PUFA biosynthetic pathways. We here report on the molecular cloning and functional characterisation of a cDNA encoding a putative elongase of very long-chain fatty acids (Elovl), a critical enzyme that mediate the elongation of FA including PUFA. Our results suggested that the octopus Elovl is phylogenetically related to Elovl5 and Elovl2, two elongases with demonstrated roles in PUFA biosynthesis in vertebrates. Further evidence supporting a role of the octopus Elovl in PUFA biosynthesis was provided through functional characterisation of its activity in yeast. It was confirmed that expression of the octopus Elovl conferred on yeast the ability to elongate some C18 and C20 PUFA, while C22 PUFA substrates remained unmodified. The substrate specificities exhibited by the octopus elongase were consistent with those of vertebrate Elovl5. Interestingly, the octopus Elovl elongated n-6 PUFA substrates more efficiently than their analogous n-3 substrates, suggesting that n-6 PUFA may have particular biological significance in O. vulgaris. Finally, we investigated the potential role of the newly cloned Elovl in the biosynthesis of non-methylene-interrupted FA, compounds typically found in marine invertebrates and confirmed to be also present in the common octopus.

Keywords
Elongases; essential fatty acids; non-methylene interrupted fatty acids; Octopus vulgaris; polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Subject headings
Omega-3 fatty acids Health aspects.

StatusPublished
AuthorsMonroig Oscar, Guinot Diana, Hontoria Francisco, Tocher Douglas R, Navarro Juan Carlos
Publication date09/2012
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 0044-8486
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 360-361 (2012)

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