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Spontaneous diploidization of the maternal chromosome set in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) eggs

Citation
Ezaz MT, McAndrew B & Penman D (2004) Spontaneous diploidization of the maternal chromosome set in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) eggs, Aquaculture Research, 35 (3), pp. 271-277.

Abstract
Spontaneous diploidization of the maternal chromosome set (SDM) in Oreochromis niloticus is described here for the first time. The SDM phenomenon was observed in progeny of only one XY neofemale out of 11 such neofemales from which eggs had been fertilized with UV-irradiated sperm: this treatment produced only the expected haploid embryos from the other females. SDM progeny were produced from three different batches of eggs from this female. No significant differences in survival at different stages of embryonic development were observed between the SDM and the diploid control group. The maternal inheritance of SDM progeny was verified using multilocus DNA fingerprinting. Only diploid karyotypes were observed in these fish and diploid control groups. In both the SDM and control groups, sex ratios were significantly skewed towards males (93.3% and 65.0% males respectively). The actual mechanism of SDM in eggs from this particular female remains unknown.

Keywords
gynogenesis; diploidization; Nile tilapia; Oreochromis niloticus

StatusPublished
AuthorsEzaz M Tariq, McAndrew Brendan, Penman David
Publication date26/02/2004
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN 1355-557X
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Aquaculture Research: Volume 35, Issue 3 (FEB 26 2004)

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