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A dynamic compartmental food chain model of radiocaesium transfer to Apodemus sylvaticus in woodland ecosystems

Citation
Toal ME, Copplestone D, Johnson MS, Jackson D & Jones SR (2001) A dynamic compartmental food chain model of radiocaesium transfer to Apodemus sylvaticus in woodland ecosystems, Science of the Total Environment, 267 (1-3), pp. 53-65.

Abstract
A study was undertaken to quantify the activity concentrations of 137Cs in Apodemus sylvaticus (the woodmouse) in two woodland sites, Lady Wood and Longrigg Wood, adjacent to British Nuclear Fuels Ltd. (BNFL) Sellafield, Cumbria, UK. A deterministic dynamic compartmental food chain model was also constructed to predict 137Cs activity concentration [Bq kg−1 dry weight (dw)] in A. sylvaticus on a seasonal basis given the activity concentrations in its diet. Within the coniferous woodland site (Lady Wood), significant differences were found between seasons (P less than 0.05, summer vs. autumn cohort; P less than 0.001, spring vs. autumn cohort), with an autumn peak in activity concentration (geometric mean=140×÷2.3 Bq kg−1 dw) being attributed to mycophagy. Fungal concentrations ranged from 2–3213 Bq kg−1 dw. The modelled activity concentrations fell between the confidence intervals of the observed data in four of the six seasonal cohorts sampled. Disparities between predicted and observed activity concentrations are attributed to uncertainties surrounding the fundamental feeding ecology of small mammals.

Keywords
woodland; radiocaesium; Apodemus sylvaticus; dynamic; model

StatusPublished
AuthorsToal Mark E, Copplestone David, Johnson Michael S, Jackson Duncan, Jones Steve R
Publication date21/02/2001
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 0048-9697
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Science of the Total Environment: Volume 267, Issue 1-3 (FEB 21 2001)

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