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GPR54 and rGnRH I gene expression during the onset of puberty in Nile tilapia

Martinez-Chavez CC, Minghetti M & Migaud H (2008) GPR54 and rGnRH I gene expression during the onset of puberty in Nile tilapia, General and Comparative Endocrinology, 156 (2), pp. 224-233.

The Kiss1/GPR54 system has recently been shown to play a key role in the onset of puberty in mammals. Growing evidence suggests that this system is also conserved across vertebrates although very few studies so far have been performed in lower vertebrates. The aims of this study were firstly in the teleost Nile tilapia to screen tissues for GPR54 expression levels, secondly to measure the expression patterns of GPR54 and GnRH I receptor (rGnRH I) in whole brains during the onset of puberty and finally to determine the effects of continuous illumination (LL) on receptor expression levels. Results confirmed that GPR54 was predominantly expressed in the brain and pituitary of adult tilapia. Furthermore, a significant increase of GPR54 gene expression was found in tilapia brains at 11 weeks post hatch (wph) followed by rGnRH I at 13 wph just prior to the histological observation of vitellogenic oocytes and active spermatogenesis in ova and testes at 17 wph. These results suggest a correlation between the increase of GPR54 expression in the brain and the onset of puberty. Finally, a significant effect of LL was observed on GPR54 expression levels which were characterized by a delayed surge with significantly lower levels than those of control fish. The current study not only suggests a link between the Kiss1/GPR54 system and the onset of puberty in a tropical batch spawning teleost that would be a highly conserved feature across vertebrates but also that the transcriptional mechanisms regulating GPR54 expression could be directly or indirectly influenced by light.

GPR54; GnRH I; Puberty; Light; Nile tilapia

Subject headings
Nile tilapia; Photoperiodism; Circadian rhythms

AuthorsMartinez-Chavez Carlos Christian, Minghetti Matteo, Migaud Herve
Publication date01/04/2008
PublisherElsevier / Academic Press
ISSN 0016-6480

General and Comparative Endocrinology: Volume 156, Issue 2 (2008-04)

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