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A study of gross, histological and blood biochemical changes in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), with rainbow trout gastroenteritis (RTGE)

Citation
del Pozo J, Turnbull J, Crumlish M & Ferguson H (2010) A study of gross, histological and blood biochemical changes in rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum), with rainbow trout gastroenteritis (RTGE), Journal of Fish Diseases, 33 (4), pp. 301-310.

Abstract
The mechanisms behind the pathogenesis of rainbow trout gastroenteritis (RTGE) are still unknown. This study examined the macroscopic and microscopic changes in trout with RTGE (RTGE+), as well as the blood chemistry. A total of 464 rainbow trout were sampled from 11 sites in the UK, comprising 152 RTGE+ fish and 330 random, apparently healthy fish. A case definition for RTGE was assessed by the analysis of its agreement with three laboratory tests: histopathology, packed cell volume and kidney bacteriology. Cluster analysis indicated the presence of three distinct presentations within the population of RTGE+ fish. Cluster A included gross signs associated with moribund RTGE+ fish, and clusters B and C identified gross signs consistent with concurrent diseases, notably furunculosis, enteric redmouth and proliferative kidney disease. The information gained was used to select RTGE+ fish without concurrent disease for the analysis of RTGE pathogenesis with blood biochemistry. This analysis revealed a severe osmotic imbalance and a reduced albumin/globulin ratio as indicatives of selective loss of albumin. These findings are compatible with a protein losing enteropathy.

Keywords
330; AGREEMENT; analysis; BIOCHEMISTRY; C; Disease; DISEASES; fish; Health; HISTOPATHOLOGY; Information; Laboratories; loss; MECHANISM; MECHANISMS; MYKISS; Oncorhynchus mykiss; ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS; Population; Presentations; proliferative kidney disease; PROTEIN; rainbow trout; RAINBOW-TROUT; RATIO; SITES; TROUT; UK; WALBAUM; welfare

StatusPublished
Authorsdel Pozo Jorge, Turnbull James, Crumlish Margaret, Ferguson Hugh
Publication date04/2010
ISSN 0140-7775

Journal
Journal of Fish Diseases: Volume 33, Issue 4 (2010/04//AR 09-10)

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