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Further development of the "Fin Index" method for quantifying fin erosion in rainbow trout

Citation
Ellis T, Hoyle I, Oidtmann B, Turnbull J, Jacklin TE & Knowles TG (2009) Further development of the "Fin Index" method for quantifying fin erosion in rainbow trout, Aquaculture, 289 (3-4), pp. 283-288.

Abstract
Fin erosion is common in farmed salmonids and has recently been highlighted as a fish welfare issue. Methodology is needed to quantify the severity of fin erosion to support research, and this paper examines Kindschi's [Kindschi, G.A. 1987. Method for quantifying degree of fin erosion. Prog. Fish-Cult. 49, 314-315.] method which expresses fin length measurements relative to fish length. Naturally spawned wild rainbow trout Oncorhynchus mykiss (n=26: 92-335 mm standard length (L-s)) were sampled from a UK river to establish reference values for intact fin length. The relationships between intact fin size and L-s were isometric for the anal, pectoral and pelvic fins, but negatively allometric for the dorsal and caudal fins, indicating that relative fin size decreases with increasing fish size for the latter two fins. Predictive relationships were derived between fin length and L-s for the five rayed fins. These relationships showed good correspondence to maximum fin lengths observed in samples of the UK farmed rainbow trout metapopulation, and a UK feral rainbow trout population. The potential errors associated with assuming a constant relative fin size and not allowing for allometric fin growth, are illustrated. The equations predicting intact fin length from Ls were formatted to enable estimation of the proportion of fin length lost from measures of observed fin length and Ls in farmed fish. Such equations provide an intuitive fish welfare indicator (higher values representing greater fin loss), and represent an advance on Kindschi's "Fin Index" method for assessing the severity of fin damage in farmed rainbow trout. Crown Copyright (C) 2009 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords
C; Copyright; DAMAGE; Development; EROSION; ERRORS; Estimation; farmed fish; fin damage; fin erosion; fish; Growth; Health; LENGTH; loss; Measurement; method; Methodology; MYKISS; Oncorhynchus mykiss; ONCORHYNCHUS-MYKISS; Population; PROPORTION; rainbow trout; RAINBOW-TROUT; relationship; relationships; Research; rights; RIVER; salmonids; SAMPLE; SAMPLES; SIZE; support; TROUT; UK; VALUE; VALUES; welfare; wild

StatusPublished
AuthorsEllis Tim, Hoyle Imogen, Oidtmann Birgit, Turnbull James, Jacklin Timothy E, Knowles Toby G
Publication date16/04/2009
ISSN 0044-8486

Journal
Aquaculture: Volume 289, Issue 3-4 (2009/04/16/AR 08-09)

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