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Seasonal Variations in Skin Pigmentation and Flesh Quality of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.): Implications for Quality Management

Citation
Leclercq E, Dick JR, Taylor J, Bell JG, Hunter D & Migaud H (2010) Seasonal Variations in Skin Pigmentation and Flesh Quality of Atlantic Salmon (Salmo salar L.): Implications for Quality Management, Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 58 (11), pp. 7036-7045.

Abstract
The external coloration of fish is a key driver in the consumer buying decision and is typically altered during sexual maturation in salmonids. Farmed Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.) exhibiting distinct phenotypes from the typical silver and nuptial colouration were described in terms of sexual development, flesh quality and skin pigment profiles. Reconditioning of skin colouration during storage was also tested (CIE[1976]L*a*b*) with the overall view of optimizing quality management. The intermediary phenotype never reflected significant deteriorations in flesh quality. It originated from a lack of purine pigments (guanine and hypoxanthine) revealing the carotenoid compounds dominated by the yellow-orange ß-carotene. The resulting distinctive lightness and yellowness were reduced by direct ice contact at a post-mortem stage. Storage conditions can be optimized to improve and standardize the coloration of whole-fish yielding superior flesh quality parameters. This would facilitate product quality grading during primary processing but also increase product acceptance and attractiveness.

Keywords
Atlantic salmon; skin pigmentation; coloration; flesh quality; sexual maturation; reconditioning

Subject headings
Atlantic salmon; Fishes Quality

StatusPublished
AuthorsLeclercq Eric, Dick James R, Taylor John, Bell J Gordon, Hunter Dougie, Migaud Herve
Publication date06/2010
Publication date online30/04/2010
URLhttp://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/jf100723b
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
ISSN 0021-8561
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry: Volume 58, Issue 11 (2010-06)

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