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Assessment of coastal management options by means of multilayered ecosystem models

Citation
Nobre AM, Ferreira JG, Nunes JP, Yan X, Bricker S, Corner R, Groom S, Gu H, Hawkins AJS, Hutson R, Lan D, Lencart e Silva JD, Pascoe P, Telfer T, Zhang X & Zhu M (2010) Assessment of coastal management options by means of multilayered ecosystem models, 87 (1), pp. 43-62.

Abstract
This paper presents a multilayered ecosystem modelling approach that combines the simulation of the biogeochemistry of a coastal ecosystem with the simulation of the main forcing functions, such as catchment loading and aquaculture activities. This approach was developed as a tool for sustainable management of coastal ecosystems. A key feature is to simulate management scenarios that account for changes in multiple uses and enable assessment of cumulative impacts of coastal activities. The model was applied to a coastal zone in China with large aquaculture production and multiple catchment uses, and where management efforts to improve water quality are under way. Development scenarios designed in conjunction with local managers and aquaculture producers include the reduction of fish cages and treatment of wastewater. Despite the reduction in nutrient loading simulated in three different scenarios, inorganic nutrient concentrations in the bay were predicted to exceed the thresholds for poor quality defined by Chinese seawater quality legislation. For all scenarios there is still a Moderate High to High nutrient loading from the catchment, so further reductions might be enacted, together with additional decreases in fish cage culture. The model predicts that overall, shellfish production decreases by 10%–28% using any of these development scenarios, principally because shellfish growth is being sustained by the substances to be reduced for improvement of water quality. The model outcomes indicate that this may be counteracted by zoning of shellfish aquaculture at the ecosystem level in order to optimize trade-offs between productivity and environmental effects. The present case study exemplifies the value of multilayered ecosystem modelling as a tool for Integrated Coastal Zone Management and for the adoption of ecosystem approaches for marine resource management. This modelling approach can be applied worldwide, and may be particularly useful for the application of coastal management regulation, for instance in the implementation of the European Marine Strategy Framework Directive.

Keywords
integrated coastal zone management; multilayered ecosystem model; catchment-coastal model; sustainable aquaculture; carrying capacity; SE Asia; China; Zhejiang; Xiangsham Gang

Subject headings
Integrated coastal zone management China; Aquaculture Economic aspects China

StatusPublished
AuthorsNobre Ana M, Ferreira Joao G, Nunes Joao P, Yan Xiaojun, Bricker Suzanne, Corner Richard, Groom Steve, Gu Haifeng, Hawkins Anthony J S, Hutson Rory, Lan Dongzhao, Lencart e Silva Joao D, Pascoe Philip, Telfer Trevor, Zhang Xuelei, Zhu Mingyuan
Publication date03/2010
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/02727714
PublisherElsevier
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science: Volume 87, Issue 1 (2010-03)

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