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Article in Journal ()

The chronic and evolving neurological consequences of traumatic brain injury

Citation
Wilson JTL, Stewart W, Dams-O'Connor K, Diaz-Arrastia R, Horton L, Menon DK & Polinder S (2017) The chronic and evolving neurological consequences of traumatic brain injury, Lancet Neurology, 16 (10), pp. 813-825.

Abstract
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can have lifelong and dynamic effects on health and wellbeing. Research on the long-term consequences emphasises that, for many patients, TBI should be conceptualised as a chronic health condition. Evidence suggests that functional outcomes after TBI can show improvement or deterioration up to two decades after injury, and rates of all-cause mortality remain elevated for many years. Furthermore, TBI represents a risk factor for a variety of neurological illnesses, including epilepsy, stroke, and neurodegenerative disease. With respect to neurodegeneration after TBI, post-mortem studies on the long-term neuropathology after injury have identified complex persisting and evolving abnormalities best described as polypathology, which includes chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Despite growing awareness of the lifelong consequences of TBI, substantial gaps in research exist. Improvements are therefore needed in understanding chronic pathologies and their implications for survivors of TBI, which could inform long-term health management in this sizeable patient population. 

This is the fourth in aSeriesof four papers about traumatic brain injury

StatusPublished
AuthorsWilson J T Lindsay, Stewart William, Dams-O'Connor Kristen, Diaz-Arrastia Ramon, Horton Lindsay, Menon David K, Polinder Suzanne
Publication date10/2017
Publication date online12/09/2017
Date accepted by journal17/07/2017
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 1474-4422
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Lancet Neurology: Volume 16, Issue 10 (2017)

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