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Does preoperative physiotherapy improve postoperative, patient-based outcomes in older adults who have undergone total knee arthroplasty? A systematic review

Citation
Chesham R & Shanmugam S (2017) Does preoperative physiotherapy improve postoperative, patient-based outcomes in older adults who have undergone total knee arthroplasty? A systematic review, Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 33 (1), pp. 9-30.

Abstract
Background: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading cause of disability in older adults (≥60) in the UK. If nonsurgical management fails and if OA severity becomes too great, knee arthroplasty is a preferred treatment choice. Preoperative physiotherapy is often offered as part of rehabilitation to improve postoperative patient-based outcomes.

Objectives: Systematically review whether preoperative physiotherapy improves postoperative, patient-based outcomes in older adults who have undergone total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and compare study interventions to best-practice guidelines.
Method: A literature search of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs), published April 2004–April 2014, was performed across six databases. Individual studies were evaluated for quality using the PEDro Scale.
Results: Ten RCTs met the full inclusion/exclusion criteria. RCTs compared control groups versus: preoperative exercise (n = 5); combined exercise and education (n = 2); combined exercise and acupuncture (n = 1); neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES; n = 1); and acupuncture versus exercise (n = 1). RCTs recorded many patient-based outcomes including knee strength, ambulation, and pain. Minimal evidence is presented that preoperative physiotherapy is more effective than no physiotherapy or usual care. PEDro Scale and critical appraisal highlighted substantial methodological quality issues within the RCTs.
Conclusion: There is insufficient quality evidence to support the efficacy of preoperative physiotherapy in older adults who undergo total knee arthroplasty.

Keywords
Arthroplasty; knee; physiotherapy; preoperative

StatusPublished
AuthorsChesham Ross, Shanmugam Sivaramkumar
Publication date2017
Publication date online13/10/2016
Date accepted by journal31/10/2015
PublisherTaylor and Francis
ISSN 0959-3985
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Physiotherapy Theory and Practice: Volume 33, Issue 1

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