Research output

Article in Journal ()

Who Financed the Expansion of the Equity Market? Shareholder Clienteles in Victorian Britain

Citation
Acheson G, Campbell G & Turner JD (2017) Who Financed the Expansion of the Equity Market? Shareholder Clienteles in Victorian Britain, Business History, 59 (4), pp. 607-637.

Abstract
Who financed the great expansion of the Victorian equity market, and what attracted them to invest? Using data on 453 firm-years and over 172,000 shareholders, we find that the largest providers of capital were rentiers, men with no formal occupation who relied on investment income. We also see a substantial growth in women investors as time progressed. In terms of clientele effects, we find that rentiers invested in large firms, whilst businessmen were the venture capitalists of young, regional enterprises. Women and the middle classes preferred safe investments, whilst financiers and institutional investors were speculators in foreign companies. Our results may help to explain the growth of new types of assets catering for particular clienteles, and the development of managerial policies on dividends and share issues.

Keywords
Shareholders; Equity; Stock market; Gentlemen capitalists; Rentiers; Gender

StatusPublished
AuthorsAcheson Graeme, Campbell Gareth, Turner John D
Publication date2017
Publication date online02/12/2016
Date accepted by journal14/10/2016
PublisherTaylor and Francis
ISSN 0007-6791
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Business History: Volume 59, Issue 4

© University of Stirling FK9 4LA Scotland UK • Telephone +44 1786 473171 • Scottish Charity No SC011159
My Portal