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Effects of temperature on feed intake and plasma chemistry after exhaustive exercise in triploid brown trout (Salmo trutta L)

Citation
Preston AC, Taylor J, Fjelldal PG, Hansen T & Migaud H (2017) Effects of temperature on feed intake and plasma chemistry after exhaustive exercise in triploid brown trout (Salmo trutta L), Fish Physiology and Biochemistry, 43 (2), pp. 337-350.

Abstract
The physiological effect of temperature on feed intake and haematological parameters after exhaustive swimming in diploid and triploid brown trout (Salmo trutta) was investigated. Trout were exposed to an incremental temperature challenge (2 degrees C/day) from ambient (6 degrees C) to either 10 or 19 degrees C. Feed intake profiles did not differ between ploidy at 10 degrees C; however, triploids had a significantly higher total feed intake at 19 degrees C. After 24 days, each temperature-ploidy group was exposed to exhaustive swimming for 10 min. The haematological response differed between ploidy, with the magnitude of the response affected by temperature and ploidy. Post-exercise, acid-base and ionic differences were observed. Plasma lactate increased significantly from rest for both temperature and ploidy groups, but glucose increased significantly at higher temperature. Post-exercise, triploids at 19 degrees C had significantly higher osmolality and cholesterol than diploids, but differences were resumed within 4 h. Elevated alkaline phosphatase (ALP) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST) in fish at higher temperature suggested greater tissue damage; however, both ploidy responded similarly. Despite no significant differences in deformity prevalence, the type and location of deformities observed differed between ploidy (decreased intervertebral space with higher prevalence in tail area and fin regions for diploids, while vertebral compression, fusion in cranial and caudal trunks for triploids). These results suggest triploids have greater appetite than diploids at elevated temperature and that triploids suffer similar blood disturbances after exercise as diploids. These findings have implications for the management of freshwater ecosystems and suggest that stocking triploid brown trout may offer an alternative to diploid brown trout.

Keywords
Blood chemistry; Brown trout; Deformity; Exercise; Temperature; Triploid

StatusPublished
AuthorsPreston Andrew Cree, Taylor John, Fjelldal Per Gunnar, Hansen Tom, Migaud Herve
Publication date04/2017
Publication date online13/09/2016
Date accepted by journal06/09/2016
PublisherSpringer
ISSN 0920-1742
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Fish Physiology and Biochemistry: Volume 43, Issue 2 (2016)

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