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Simultaneous temporal trends in dementia incidence and prevalence, 2005–2013: a population-based retrospective cohort study in Saskatchewan, Canada

Citation
Kosteniuk JG, Morgan DG, O'Connell ME, Kirk A, Crossley M, Teare GF, Stewart NJ, Bello-Haas VD, McBain L, Mou H, Forbes DA, Innes A & Quail JM (2016) Simultaneous temporal trends in dementia incidence and prevalence, 2005–2013: a population-based retrospective cohort study in Saskatchewan, Canada, International Psychogeriatrics, 28 (10), pp. 1643-1658.

Abstract
Background: Original studies published over the last decade regarding time trends in dementia report mixed results. The aims of the present study were to use linked administrative health data for the province of Saskatchewan for the period 2005/2006 to 2012/2013 to: (1) examine simultaneous temporal trends in annual age- and sex-specific dementia incidence and prevalence among individuals aged 45 and older, and (2) stratify the changes in incidence over time by database of identification. 

Methods: Using a population-based retrospective cohort study design, data were extracted from seven provincial administrative health databases linked by a unique anonymized identification number. Individuals 45 years and older at first identification of dementia between April 1, 2005 and March 31, 2013 were included, based on case definition criteria met within any one of four administrative health databases (hospital, physician, prescription drug, and long-term care). 
Results: Between 2005/2006 and 2012/2013, the 12-month age-standardized incidence rate of dementia declined significantly by 11.07% and the 12-month age-standardized prevalence increased significantly by 30.54%. The number of incident cases decreased from 3,389 to 3,270 and the number of prevalent cases increased from 8,795 to 13,012. Incidence rate reductions were observed in every database of identification. 
Conclusions: We observed a simultaneous trend of decreasing incidence and increasing prevalence of dementia over a relatively short 8-year time period from 2005/2006 to 2012/2013. These trends indicate that the average survival time of dementia is lengthening. Continued observation of these time trends is warranted given the short study period.

Keywords
dementia; diagnosis; epidemiology; physician; hospital; long-term care; prescription drug; administrative data

StatusPublished
AuthorsKosteniuk Julie G, Morgan Debra G, O'Connell Megan E, Kirk Andrew, Crossley Margaret, Teare Gary F, Stewart Norma J, Bello-Haas Vanina Dal, McBain Lesley, Mou Haizhen, Forbes Dorothy A, Innes Anthea, Quail Jacqueline M
Publication date10/2016
Publication date online29/06/2016
Date accepted by journal26/04/2016
PublisherCambridge University Press for International Psychogeriatric Association
ISSN 1041-6102
LanguageEnglish

Journal
International Psychogeriatrics: Volume 28, Issue 10 (2016)

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