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Locating bioenergy facilities using a modified GIS-based location-allocation-algorithm: considering the spatial distribution of resource supply

Citation
Comber A, Dickie J, Jarvis C, Phillips M & Tansey K (2015) Locating bioenergy facilities using a modified GIS-based location-allocation-algorithm: considering the spatial distribution of resource supply, Applied Energy, 154, pp. 309-316.

Abstract
This paper proposes a modification to the classicp-median problem that considers the spatial distribution of supply resources and competition for them by potential facility locations. It is illustrated with a simplified case study to optimally locate community scale anaerobic digesters (ADs) in an area in the East Midlands in the UK. The modification evaluates the spatial distribution of the feedstocks needed by each potential AD unit and only includes new locations if their supply catchments do not overlap with the catchments of the current set of locations being considered. The modified algorithm is implemented using the Teitz and Bart search heuristic. This starts with an initial set of locations that it seeks to improve by swapping poor performing locations with better ones. In this case the modification takes account of the spatial distribution of the feedstocks for a typical AD recipe whilst seeking minimise demand weighted distance. The results demonstrate large improvements over the classicp-median model in location selection that eliminate the overlap of facility catchments. Some wider points relating to the robustness of many analyses reported in the bioenergy literature are discussed, with some observations about commonly found methodological deficiencies, before some areas for further research are suggested.

Keywords
Location–allocation; Geo-computation; Spatial analysis; Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

StatusPublished
AuthorsComber Alexis, Dickie Jennifer, Jarvis Claire, Phillips Martin, Tansey Kevin
Publication date15/09/2015
Publication date online22/05/2015
Date accepted by journal30/04/2015
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 0306-2619
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Applied Energy: Volume 154

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