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Couple-based psychosexual support following prostate cancer surgery: Results of a feasibility pilot randomized control trial

Citation
Robertson J, McNamee P, Molloy G, Hubbard G, McNeill SA, Bollina PR, Kelly D & Forbat L (2016) Couple-based psychosexual support following prostate cancer surgery: Results of a feasibility pilot randomized control trial, Journal of Sexual Medicine, 13 (8), pp. 1233-1242.

Abstract

Introduction: Surgery for prostate cancer can result in distressing side effects such as sexual difficulties, which are associated with lower levels of dyadic functioning. The study developed and tested an intervention to address sexual, relational, and emotional aspects of the relationship after prostate cancer by incorporating elements of family systems theory and sex therapy.

Aims: To develop and test the feasibility and acceptability of relational psychosexual treatment for couples with prostate cancer, determine whether a relational-psychosexual intervention is feasible and acceptable for couples affected by prostate cancer, and determine the parameters for a full-scale trial.

Methods: Forty-three couples were recruited for this pilot randomized controlled trial and received a six-session manual-based psychosexual intervention or usual care. Outcomes were measured before, after, and 6 months after the intervention. Acceptability and feasibility were established from recruitment and retention rates and adherence to the manual.

Main Outcome Measures: The primary outcome measurement was the sexual bother subdomain of the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite. The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale and the 15-item Systemic Clinical Outcome and Routine Evaluation (SCORE-15) were used to measure emotional and relational functioning, respectively.

Results: The intervention was feasible and acceptable. The trial achieved adequate recruitment (38%) and retention (74%) rates. The intervention had a clinically and statistically significant effect on sexual bother immediately after the intervention. Small decreases in anxiety and depression were observed for the intervention couples, although these were not statistically significant. Practitioners reported high levels of adherence to the manual.

Conclusion: The clinically significant impact on sexual bother and positive feedback on the study's feasibility and acceptability indicate that the intervention should be tested in a multicenter trial. The SCORE-15 lacked specificity for this intervention, and future trials would benefit from a couple-focused measurement.

Keywords
Couple Therapy; Family Systems; Intimacy; Prostate Cancer; Psychosexual Support; Relationships; Sex Therapy; Sexual Function; Treatment

StatusPublished
AuthorsRobertson Jane, McNamee Philip, Molloy Gerry, Hubbard Gill, McNeill S Alan, Bollina Prasad R, Kelly Daniel, Forbat Liz
Publication date08/2016
Publication date online23/06/2016
Date accepted by journal03/05/2016
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 1743-6095
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Journal of Sexual Medicine: Volume 13, Issue 8

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