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Occurrence of microcystins in water, bloom, sediment and fish from a public water supply

Citation
Gurbuz F, Uzunmehmetoglu OY, Diler O, Metcalf JS & Codd G (2016) Occurrence of microcystins in water, bloom, sediment and fish from a public water supply, Science of the Total Environment, 562, pp. 860-868.

Abstract
Microcystin (MC) accumulation was determined in the liver and muscle of two omnivorous fish species which are consumed and are economically important, and in a planktivorous–carnivorous fish from Lake Eğirdir, Turkey. Free extractable MCs in fish tissue samples were detected by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with confirmation by high performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection (HPLC-PDA). MC-LA and -YR, were detected in both liver and muscle, followed by MCs -LY, -LF, -RR and -LR respectively. The MC concentrations varied between 0.043 and 1.72μg/g dry weight in liver and muscle tissues. MCs were also determined in samples of water, sediment and a bloom sample ofMicrocystis aeruginosafrom the lake by HPLC-PDA. MC-LY and -YR were most commonly identified in water samples, with total MC concentrations ranging from 2.9±0.05 to 13.5±2.3μg/L. Sediment analyses, showed that MC-YR was present in samples between 7.0 and 17.6μg/g dw, especially in October, November and December when no MC-YR was recorded in water, followed by MC-LW. The findings indicate that water and sediment contained MCs, and more importantly that fish were contaminated with MCs that may pose an MC-associated human health risk.

Keywords
Microcystins; Fish tissue; Water; Sediment; ELISA; HPLC analysis

StatusPublished
AuthorsGurbuz Fatma, Uzunmehmetoglu Oguz Y, Diler Oznur, Metcalf James S, Codd Geoffrey
Publication date15/08/2016
Publication date online23/04/2016
Date accepted by journal06/04/2016
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 0048-9697
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Science of the Total Environment: Volume 562

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