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Article in Journal ()

Multi-domain training enhances attentional control

Citation
Binder JC, Martin M, Zöllig J, Röcke C, Mérillat S, Eschen A, Jäncke L & Shing YL (2016) Multi-domain training enhances attentional control , Psychology and Aging, 31 (4), pp. 390-408.

Abstract
Multi-domain cognitive training potentially increases the likelihood for an overlap in processing component with transfer tasks and everyday life, and hence is a promising training approach for older adults. To empirically test this, 84 healthy older adults aged 65 to 75 years were randomly assigned to one of three single-domain training conditions (inhibition, visuomotor function, spatial navigation) or to the simultaneous training of all three cognitive functions (multi-domain training condition). All participants trained on an iPad at home for 50 training sessions. Before and after the training, and at a six-month follow-up measurement, cognitive functioning and training transfer were assessed with a neuropsychological test battery including tests targeting the trained functions (near transfer) and transfer to executive functions (far transfer: attentional control, working memory, speed). Participants in all four training groups showed a linear increase in training performance over the 50 training sessions. Using a latent difference score model, the multi-domain training group, compared to the single-domain training groups, showed more improvement on the far transfer, executive attentional control composite. Individuals with initially lower baseline performance showed higher training-related improvements, indicating that training compensated for lower initial cognitive performance. At the six-month follow-up, performance on the cognitive test battery remained stable. This is one of the first studies that systematically investigated multi-domain training including comparable single-domain training conditions. Our findings suggest that multi-domain training enhances executive attentional control involved in handling several different tasks at the same time, an aspect in everyday life that is particularly challenging for older people.

Keywords
cognitive training; multi-domain training; healthy old age; iPad; transfer

StatusPublished
AuthorsBinder Julia C, Martin Mike, Zöllig Jacqueline, Röcke Christina, Mérillat Susan, Eschen Anne, Jäncke Lutz, Shing Yee Lee
Publication date06/2016
Date accepted by journal01/04/2016
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
ISSN 0882-7974
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Psychology and Aging: Volume 31, Issue 4

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