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Isolation and functional characterisation of a fads2 in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with ∆5 desaturase activity

Citation
Abdul Hamid NK, Carmona-Antonanzas G, Monroig O, Tocher DR, Turchini GM & Donald J (2016) Isolation and functional characterisation of a fads2 in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) with ∆5 desaturase activity, PLoS ONE, 11 (3), Art. No.: e0150770.

Abstract
Rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, are intensively cultured globally. Understanding their requirement for long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA) and the biochemistry of the enzymes and biosynthetic pathways required for fatty acid synthesis is important and highly relevant in current aquaculture. Most gnathostome vertebrates have two fatty acid desaturase (fads) genes with known functions in LC-PUFA biosynthesis and termed fads1 and fads2. However, teleost fish have exclusively fads2 genes. In rainbow trout, a fads2 cDNA had been previously cloned and found to encode an enzyme with Δ6 desaturase activity. In the present study, a second fads2 cDNA was cloned from the liver of rainbow trout and termed fads2b. The full-length mRNA contained 1578 nucleotides with an open reading frame of 1365 nucleotides that encoded a 454 amino acid protein with a predicted molecular weight of 52.48 kDa. The predicted Fads2b protein had the characteristic traits of the microsomal Fads family, including an N-terminal cytochrome b5 domain containing the heme-binding motif (HPPG), histidine boxes (HDXGH, HFQHH and QIEHH) and three transmembrane regions. The fads2b was expressed predominantly in the brain, liver, intes- tine and pyloric caeca. Expression of the fads2b in yeast generated a protein that was found to specifically convert eicosatetraenoic acid (20:4n-3) to eicosapentaenoic acid (20:5n-3), and therefore functioned as a Δ5 desaturase. Therefore, rainbow trout have two fads2 genes that encode proteins with Δ5 and Δ6 desaturase activities, respectively, which enable this species to perform all the desaturation steps required for the biosynthesis of LC- PUFA from C18 precursors.

StatusPublished
AuthorsAbdul Hamid Noor Khalidah, Carmona-Antonanzas Greta, Monroig Oscar, Tocher Douglas R, Turchini Giovanni M, Donald John
Publication date04/03/2016
Publication date online04/03/2016
Date accepted by journal17/02/2016
PublisherPublic Library of Science
ISSN 1932-6203
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Plos one: Volume 11, Issue 3

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