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'It looks like an adult sweetie shop': point-of-sale tobacco display exposure and brand awareness in Scottish secondary school students

Citation
van der Sluijs W, Haseen F, Miller M, MacGregor A, Sharp C, Amos A, Best C, Stead M, Eadie D, Pearce J, Frank JW & Haw S (2016) 'It looks like an adult sweetie shop': point-of-sale tobacco display exposure and brand awareness in Scottish secondary school students, Nicotine and Tobacco Research, 18 (10), pp. 1981-1988.

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: As further restrictions have been placed on tobacco advertising and promotions, point of sale (PoS) displays of cigarettes in shops have become an increasingly important source of young people's exposure to tobacco products. This study explored the relationship between PoS displays of cigarettes and brand awareness among secondary school students in Scotland. 

METHODS: Cross-sectional school surveys (n=1406) and focus groups (n=86) were conducted with S2 (13-14yrs) and S4 (15-16yrs) students in four schools of differing socioeconomic status in 2013, prior to the PoS display ban in large shops. Adjusted negative binomial regression analysis examined associations between brand awareness and exposure variables (visiting tobacco retailers, noticing displays of tobacco products). 
RESULTS: Students visiting small shops more frequently (RRR 1.19, 95\% CI 1.01-1.41) and those who noticed cigarette displays in small shops (RRR 1.24 95\% CI 1.03-1.51) and large supermarkets (RRR 1.15 95\% CI 1.01 -1.30) had higher brand awareness. The focus groups supported these findings. Participants described PoS tobacco displays as being eye-catching, colourful and potentially attractive to young people. 
CONCLUSIONS: This mixed-methods study showed that higher cigarette brand awareness was significantly associated with regularly visiting small shops and noticing PoS displays in small and large shops, even when students' smoking status, smoking in their social networks, leisure activities and demographics were included as confounding variables. This highlights the importance of PoS displays of tobacco products in increasing brand awareness, which is known to increase youth smoking susceptibility, and thus the importance of implementing PoS display bans in all shops. 
IMPLICATIONS: As increasing restrictions have been placed on tobacco promotion in many countries, PoS displays of cigarettes in shops have become an important source of young people’s exposure to tobacco products and marketing. This mixed-methods study showed that prior to the PoS display ban in Scotland, and controlling for other factors, 13- and 15-year olds who regularly visited small shops and those who noticed PoS displays in small and large shops, had a higher awareness of cigarette brands. This highlights the importance of PoS displays in increasing youth brand awareness, which increases smoking susceptibility, and thus the need for comprehensive bans on PoS displays which cover all shops.

StatusPublished
Authorsvan der Sluijs Winfried, Haseen Farhana, Miller Martine, MacGregor Andy, Sharp Clare, Amos Amanda, Best Catherine, Stead Martine, Eadie Douglas, Pearce Jamie, Frank John W, Haw Sally
Publication date10/2016
Publication date online16/02/2016
Date accepted by journal05/02/2016
PublisherOxford University Press
ISSN 1462-2203
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Nicotine and Tobacco Research: Volume 18, Issue 10 (2016)

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