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Controlling coaching behaviors and athlete burnout: Investigating the mediating roles of perfectionism and motivation

Citation
Barcza-Renner K, Eklund R, Morin A & Habeeb C (2016) Controlling coaching behaviors and athlete burnout: Investigating the mediating roles of perfectionism and motivation, Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 38 (1), pp. 30-44.

Abstract
This investigation sought to replicate and extend earlier studies of athlete burnout by examining athlete-perceived controlling coaching behaviors and athlete perfectionism variables as, respectively, environmental and dispositional antecedents of athlete motivation and burnout. Data obtained from NCAA Division I swimmers (n = 487) within 3 weeks of conference championship meets were analyzed for this report. Significant indirect effects were observed between controlling coaching behaviors and burnout through athlete perfectionism (i.e., socially prescribed, self-oriented) and motivation (i.e., autonomous, amotivation). Controlling coaching behaviors predicted athlete perfectionism. In turn, self-oriented perfectionism was positively associated with autonomous motivation and negatively associated with amotivation, while socially prescribed perfectionism was negatively associated with autonomous motivation and positively associated with controlled motivation and amotivation. Autonomous motivation and amotivation, in turn, predicted athlete burnout in expected directions. These findings implicate controlling coaching behaviors as potentially contributing to athlete perfectionism, shaping athlete motivational regulations, and possibly increasing athlete burnout.

Keywords
ill-being; self-determination theory; mediation; structural equation modeling

StatusPublished
AuthorsBarcza-Renner Kelly, Eklund Robert, Morin Alexandre, Habeeb Christine
Publication date02/2016
Date accepted by journal14/11/2015
PublisherHuman Kinetics
ISSN 0895-2779
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology: Volume 38, Issue 1

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