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Article in Journal ()

Economic costs of protistan and metazoan parasites to global mariculture

Citation
Shinn A, Pratoomyot J, Bron J, Paladini G, Brooker EE & Brooker A (2015) Economic costs of protistan and metazoan parasites to global mariculture, Parasitology, 142 (Special Issue 1), pp. 196-270.

Abstract
Parasites have a major impact on global finfish and shellfish aquaculture, having significant effects on farm production, sustainability and economic viability. Parasite infections and impacts can, according to pathogen and context, be considered to be either unpredictable/sporadic or predictable/regular. Although both types of infection may result in the loss of stock and incur costs associated with the control and management of infection, predictable infections can also lead to costs associated with prophylaxis and related activities. The estimation of the economic cost of a parasite event is frequently complicated by the complex interplay of numerous factors associated with a specific incident, which may range from direct production losses to downstream socio-economic impacts on livelihoods and satellite industries associated with the primary producer. In this study, we examine the world's major marine and brackish water aquaculture production industries and provide estimates of the potential economic costs attributable to a range of key parasite pathogens using 498 specific events for the purposes of illustration and estimation of costs. This study provides a baseline resource for risk assessment and the development of more robust biosecurity practices, which can in turn help mitigate against and/or minimise the potential impacts of parasite-mediated disease in aquaculture.

Keywords
Aquaculture; production; mortality; finfish; Crustacea; Mollusca; ornamentals; economic cost; review

StatusPublished
AuthorsShinn Andrew, Pratoomyot Jarunan, Bron James, Paladini Giuseppe, Brooker Esther E, Brooker Adam
Publication date01/2015
Publication date online02/12/2014
Date accepted by journal06/07/2014
PublisherCambridge University Press
ISSN 0031-1820
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Parasitology: Volume 142, Issue Special Issue 1 (2015)

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