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Genomics of invasion: Diversity and selection in introduced populations of monkeyflowers (Mimulus guttatus)

Citation
Puzey JR & Vallejo-Marin M (2014) Genomics of invasion: Diversity and selection in introduced populations of monkeyflowers (Mimulus guttatus), Molecular Ecology, 23 (18), pp. 4472-4485.

Abstract
Global trade and travel is irreversibly changing the distribution of species around the world. Because introduced species experience drastic demographic events during colonization and often face novel environmental challenges from their native range, introduced populations may undergo rapid evolutionary change. Genomic studies provide the opportunity to investigate the extent to which demographic, historical and selective processes shape the genomic structure of introduced populations by analysing the signature that these processes leave on genomic variation. Here, we use next-generation sequencing to compare genome-wide relationships and patterns of diversity in native and introduced populations of the yellow monkeyflower (Mimulus guttatus). Genome resequencing data from 10 introduced populations from the United Kingdom (UK) and 12 native M.guttatus populations in North America (NA) demonstrated reduced neutral genetic diversity in the introduced range and showed that UK populations are derived from a geographic region around the North Pacific. A selective-sweep analysis revealed site frequency changes consistent with selection on five of 14 chromosomes, with genes in these regions showing reduced silent site diversity. While the target of selection is unknown, genes associated with flowering time and biotic and abiotic stresses were located within the swept regions. The future identification of the specific source of origin of introduced UK populations will help determining whether the observed selective sweeps can be traced to unsampled native populations or occurred since dispersal across the Atlantic. Our study demonstrates the general potential of genome-wide analyses to uncover a range of evolutionary processes affecting invasive populations.

Keywords
anthropogenic dispersal; genome scan; introduced species; long-distance colonization; next-generation sequencing; selective sweeps

StatusPublished
AuthorsPuzey Joshua R, Vallejo-Marin Mario
Publication date09/2014
Publication date online11/09/2014
Date accepted by journal22/07/2014
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
ISSN 0962-1083
LanguageEnglish

Journal
Molecular Ecology: Volume 23, Issue 18 (2014)

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