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Evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of an oral care diary by patients during chemotherapy

Citation
Miller M, Taylor A, Kearney N, Paterson G, Roe L, Hagen S, Maguire R & Wells M (2007) Evaluation of the feasibility and acceptability of an oral care diary by patients during chemotherapy, International Journal of Nursing Studies, 44 (5), pp. 693-701.

Abstract
Background: A significant proportion of patients undergoing chemotherapy for many cancer types may experience oral problems, such as mucositis and any deterioration in the health of the oral cavity can have a significant effect on a person’s well-being. Trends towards shorter hospital stays and the increase in out-patient chemotherapy mean that patients are required to adopt increasingly participatory roles in their self-care and are subsequently coping with mouth problems while they are at home without the direct support of oncology health professionals. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the acceptability and feasibility of an oral care diary by patients receiving chemotherapy. Design: An oral care diary was developed to incorporate oral assessment using the Oral Assessment Guide (Eilier, J., Berger, A., Peterson, M., 1988. Development, testing and application of the oral assessment guide. Oncology Nurse Forum 15, 325–330) and guidance about oral self-care. This exploratory study utilised purpose designed pre- and poststudy questionnaires and semi-structured interviews to evaluate patients’ perceptions and experiences of the oral care diary. Setting: The study took place in 2-day chemotherapy units in Scotland: 1 in a cancer centre and 1 in a district general hospital. Participants: A consecutive sample of patients (n ¼ 45) receiving out-patient chemotherapy for a range of cancer diagnoses participated in the study over 2 cycles of chemotherapy. Methods: Following recruitment, patients were instructed in the use of the oral care diary to assess their mouth daily while at home on a daily basis. Patients were asked to complete 2 structured purpose designed questionnaires—the first prior to starting diary completion and the second following their participation in the study. Nine patients participated in semi-structured interviews to explore their actual experiences of using the oral care diary in more depth. Results: The participants found the oral care diary acceptable and feasible. Awareness of oral symptoms and related mouth self-care post-chemotherapy improved.

Keywords
Cancer; Chemotherapy; Self-care; Oral care; Patient’s perceptions

Subject headings
Cancer Research; Patient participation; Cancer Chemotherapy; Patient advocacy; Cancer Patients Care

StatusPublished
AuthorsMiller Morven, Taylor Anne, Kearney Nora, Paterson Gaye, Roe Lorna, Hagen Suzanne, Maguire Roma, Wells Mary
Publication date07/2007
Publication date online20/03/2006
URLhttp://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00207489
PublisherElsevier
ISSN 0020-7489
LanguageEnglish

Journal
International Journal of Nursing Studies: Volume 44, Issue 5 (2007-07)

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