Article in Journal ()
Boyce CJ, Wood AM, Banks J, Clark AE & Brown GDA (2013) Money, Well-Being, and Loss Aversion: Does an Income Loss Have a Greater Effect on Well-Being Than an Equivalent Income Gain?, Psychological Science, 24 (12), pp. 2557-2562.
Higher income is associated with greater well-being, but do income gains and losses affect well-being differently? Loss aversion, whereby losses loom larger than gains, is typically examined in relation to decisions about anticipated outcomes. Here, using subjective-well-being data from Germany (N = 28,723) and the United Kingdom (N = 20,570), we found that losses in income have a larger effect on well-being than equivalent income gains and that this effect is not explained by diminishing marginal benefits of income to well-being. Our findings show that loss aversion applies to experienced losses, challenging suggestions that loss aversion is only an affective-forecasting error. By failing to account for loss aversion, longitudinal studies of the relationship between income and well-being may have overestimated the positive effect of income on well-being. Moreover, societal well-being might best be served by small and stable income increases, even if such stability impairs long-term income growth.
loss aversion; money; income; happiness; subjective well-being
Financial security Great Britain ; Financial security Germany ; Well-being and quality of life Great Britain ; Well-being and quality of life Germany ; Income distribution Great Britain ; Income distribution Germany
|Authors||Boyce Christopher J, Wood Alex M, Banks James, Clark Andrew E, Brown Gordon D A|
|Publication date online||14/10/2013|
|Date accepted by journal||11/06/2013|
Psychological Science: Volume 24, Issue 12