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Comparison of cardiovascular risk between patients with type 2 diabetes and those who had had a myocardial infarction: cross sectional and cohort studies [Erratum published Volume 324, Issue 7350, 8 June 2002, Page 1357)

Citation
Evans J, Wang J & Morris AD (2002) Comparison of cardiovascular risk between patients with type 2 diabetes and those who had had a myocardial infarction: cross sectional and cohort studies [Erratum published Volume 324, Issue 7350, 8 June 2002, Page 1357), BMJ, 324 (7343), pp. 939-942.

Abstract

Objective: To compare risks of cardiovascular outcomes between patients with type 2 diabetes and patients with established coronary heart disease.

Design: Cross sectional study and cohort study using routinely collected datasets.

Setting: Tayside, Scotland (population 400 000) during 1988-­95.

Subjects: In the cross sectional study, among patients aged 45­64, 1155 with type 2 diabetes were compared with 1347 who had had a myocardial infarction in the preceding 8 years. In the cohort study 3477 patients of all ages with newly diagnosed type 2 diabetes were compared with 7414 patients who had just had a myocardial infarction.

Main outcome measures: Risk ratios for death from all causes, cardiovascular death, and hospital admission for myocardial infarction were calculated by Cox proportional hazards analysis and adjusted for age and sex.

Results: In the cross sectional study the adjusted risk ratio for death from all causes was 2.27 (95% confidence interval 1.82 to 2.83) for patients who had had myocardial infarction compared with those with diabetes, and the risk ratio for hospital admission for myocardial infarction was 1.33 (1.14 to 1.55). In the cohort study, patients who had just had a myocardial infarction had a higher risk of death from all causes (adjusted risk ratio 1.35 (1.25 to 1.44)), cardiovascular death (2.93 (2.54 to 3.41)), and hospital admission for myocardial infarction (3.10 (2.57 to 3.73)).

Conclusions: Patients with type 2 diabetes were at lower risk of cardiovascular outcomes than patients with established coronary heart disease.

Subject headings
Cognitive therapy;Diabetes Psychological aspects;Diabetes.

StatusPublished
AuthorsEvans Josie, Wang Jixian, Morris Andrew D
Publication date20/04/2002
PublisherBMJ Publishing Group
ISSN 0959-8138
LanguageEnglish

Journal
bmj: Volume 324, Issue 7343 (20 April 2002)

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