Start Date: 1st October 2015
3A124B Cottrell Building
Biological & Environmental Sciences
Faculty of Natural Sciences
University of Stirling
Stirling, Scotland, FK9 4LA
Ice streaming, ice sheet deglaciation, and substrate properties, North Sea Basin, UK
The overarching aim of this project is to study the impact of glacial/interglacial cycles and ice streaming on the Quaternary landforms and sediments in the North Sea Basin. Improved understanding of these marine sediments and their geomorphology will inform the distribution of sea-bed habitats, geohazards, resources, site selection for offshore renewables, and climate change.
An improved understanding of the past cycles of glaciation, timing and extent, has far reaching implications for better understanding global climate change and ice-sheet behaviour. The 1000 metre-thick Quaternary sediment sequence of the North Sea Basin forms the overburden and geological seals to underlying CO2 storage complexes and migration pathways (e.g. thief zones) for fluids. These Quaternary strata form the foundations for offshore renewable installations and infrastructure for hydrocarbon exploration and extraction. The impact on geotechnical properties of glacial loading and unloading and lateral variation in these deposits is an important consideration for offshore development. These cycles of loading and unloading of ice also impact fluid release from the sub-surface and therefore geohazard assessment. Glacial geomorphology shapes the current sea-bed topography and glacial deposits determine sea-bed composition which impacts on the benthic community composition and distribution. These deposits also form commercially valuable aggregate resources.
My studies are funded by the British Geological Survey.
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Check out our International Ocean Discovery Program Proposal (#852-CPP) to core the 1000 metre thick Quaternary sediments of the North Sea Basin
Stewart, H A, Bradwell, T, Stewart, M A, and Ó Cofaigh, C. 2016. Ice sheet dynamics of the western North Sea Basin: Shallow seafloor glacial landforms preserved offshore eastern Scotland and northeastern England. [Oral] In: William Smith Meeting 2016 – Glaciated Margins: The Sedimentary and Geophysical Archive, 2-3 June 2016, Geological Society of London, London, UK.
Stewart, H A, Jamieson, A J, Ó Cofaigh, C, Stewart, M A, and Bradwell, T. 2016. Continental slope records indicate a grounded ice sheet margin during past glacials, South Shetland Trench, Antarctica. [Poster] In: William Smith Meeting 2016 – Glaciated Margins: The Sedimentary and Geophysical Archive, 2-3 June 2016, Geological Society of London, London, UK.
Stewart, H A, on behalf of the Glacistore Consortium. 2016. Understanding Late Cenozoic glaciation and basin processes: implications for offshore CO2 storage (North Sea). International Ocean Discovery Program (IODP) proposal #852-CPP. [Poster] In: William Smith Meeting 2016 – Glaciated Margins: The Sedimentary and Geophysical Archive, 2-3 June 2016, Geological Society of London, London, UK.
Roberts, D, Evans, D, Clark, C, Bateman, M, Livingston, S, Medialdea, A, Ó Cofaigh, C, Grimoldi, E, Callard, L, Dove, D, Stewart, H, Davies, B, and Chiverell, R. 2016. Ice Stream behaviour in the western sector of the North Sea during the end of the last glacial cycle. Geophysical Research Abstract, Vol. 18, EGU2016-1778-2. EGU General Assembly, 17th April – 22nd April, 2016). [Oral presentation by D Roberts.]
Stewart, H A, Bradwell, T, Stewart, M A, and Ó Cofaigh, C. 2015. Filling the gaps: ice sheet dynamics of the western North Sea Basin. [Poster] In: University of Stirling Biological and Environmental Sciences Postgraduate Winter Symposium, University of Stirling, 8-9th December 2015. (Unpublished) DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1472.6160 http://nora.nerc.ac.uk/512666/
Stewart, H A, and Long, D. 2016. Glacigenic debris flows observed in 3D seismic high-resolution seafloor imagery, Faroe–Shetland Channel, NE Atlantic. From: Dowdeswell, J A, Canals, M, Jakobsson, M, Todd, B J, Dowdeswell, E K and Hogan, K A (eds). Atlas of Submarine Glacial Landforms: Modern, Quaternary and Ancient. Geological Society, London, Memoirs, 46. © The Geological Society of London, 2016. DOI: 10.1144/M46.94