Claude Menard is Professor Emeritus at the University of Paris (Pantheon-Sorbonne). His main field of research is the economics of organizations and institutions. His work involves the analysis of internal properties of organizations and the interaction between institutional reforms and organizational change and he has become increasingly interested in co-operative forms of organisation over the last decade. In this paper he will explore some key questions for the co-operative organisational form, and share a new theoretical model drawn for transaction cost economics. Prof. Menard co-founded the International Society for New Institutional Economics with Ronald Coase, Douglass North, Oliver Williamson, and a few others, and was president of that association in 2001-2002 (the name was changed to Society for Institutional and Organizational Economics in 2015). He co-edited the Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization from 1998 to 2011 and is currently director of the Advances in New Institutional Analysis series (Edward Elgar).
Charles 'Chuck' Gould
Charles Gould has served as Director-General and Chief Executive Officer of the International Co-operative Alliance since September 2010. The Alliance is the global association promoting the co-operative enterprise model. Its members in 100 countries represent close to 1 billion individual co-operators world wide. In addition to its global headquarters in Brussels, Belgium, the Alliance also works from four regional offices in Nairobi, Kenya; New Delhi, India; San José, Costa Rica; and Brussels, Belgium; and through eight sectoral organisations for Banking, Insurance, Agriculture, Fisheries, Consumers, Housing, Health, and Industrial & Services.
Prior to his appointment, Charles Gould served as Chief Executive Officer of Volunteers of America, a health care, housing and human services organisation in the United States. Headquartered in Washington D.C., he provided leadership to its 16,000 staff and oversaw an annual budget of USD 1 billion. In each of the last five years of his administration, he was recognised as one of the fifty most influential leaders in the United States non-profit sector. He served as a member of the board of the American Society of Association Executives, and of the American Association of Homes and Services for the Aged.
Before joining Volunteers of America, Mr. Gould practised as an attorney-at-law with Arnold & Porter and with Hogan & Hartson US law firms in Washington D.C. He has a Juris Doctor (JD) degree from the University of Minnesota Law School (USA), and a Master of Studies (MSt) in International Human Rights Law from Oxford University (United Kingdom).
Ed Mayo is secretary general of Co-operatives UK, the national business association for co-operative and mutual enterprises. He is co-author of the book Consumer Kids, and is involved in a range of organisations and enterprises that promote a fairer and more sustainable economy. He is the former Chief Executive of the British National Consumer Council (NCC) and CEO of the NCC's successor, Consumer Focus. Prior to that, from 1992 to 2003 Ed was director of the New Economics Foundation (NEF) the leading 'think-and-do tank', looking at ethical market activity, local economies and public service reform. In his new book, Values: How to Bring Values to Life in Your Business, Ed argues that there is no one right or wrong set of values, but there is power and potential in making the most of the right values for your business.